29 Answered Questions for the topic Particles


are alpha particles going to ruin bumper carts? Making them unsafe.

Bumper cars are powered by a charged ceiling and floor. A pole on the bumper car connects these two charged surfaces to give the car current to run. The difference in voltage between the plates is... more


“To enable him to escape” vs. “to enable him escape”?

I have been coming across this kind of sentence more and more:>She gave him a key to enable him *to* escape capture. She gave him a key to enable him escape capture.Which sentence is correct?... more
Particles Grammar Japanese Verbs


What is the nuance when は directly follows a verb in plain form?

It seems like this is a remnant of (or reference to) older forms of Japanese. Is that all there is to it, or does it have special meaning? Examples from... more


When the agent takes を in the causative form?

I've seen a few sets of terminology when referring to the causative form, so for the basic case, I will use the following: `instigator が agent に 〇〇 を v-させる。` In its most basic, text-book form, we... more
Particles Grammar Japanese


I think that she thinks that I think she is dumb?

Just trying have some fun with Japanese grammar, but the sentence in the title has me stumped. I just don't understand Japanese particles enough to even know where to begin. Here is my best attempt... more
Particles Grammar Japanese Syntax


Are there cases when two or more particles will occur next to each other without intervening lexical words?

Most particles seem to be postpositions but I'm sure I've seen say a noun followed by a location particle followed by "wa" or "ga" or possibly "wo" but when I've tried to use it I've only confused... more


When going somewhere, is there any difference between e (へ) and ni (に)?

Can you use へ and に interchangeably, as in 北海道へ行く and 北海道に行く? Are there any subtle differences in the use of these two?


Why is it 日本語がわかります instead of 日本語をわかります?

From what I understand, `は` is the topic marker, `が` is the subject marker, and `を` is the object marker. One of the first sentences I learned doesn't seem to fit the rules I described above. The... more


Why are we allowed to use を particle with na-adjectives?

Can someone explain the usage of a _na_-adjective with the を particle? I cannot understand why we can say > ほうれん草を嫌いな人もいる。 because I'd thought that it had to be a が or の particle instead of... more
Particles Grammar Japanese


When is it okay to use あります with a living subject?

When learning Japanese everyone's taught いる is for a living thing and ある is for non-living things. However, I recently saw the following sentence ... >あと、サッカー選手でもあります。 ... which ends in ある /... more


What is the difference between "に" and "には"?

The title should be pretty self-explanatory. What meanings does each convey? And in what kinds of circumstances would one be used instead of the other? For example, what are the differences... more


What is the significance of の in 「鳥の詩」?

I've seen it used in many places, and sometimes it feels like a connection between words. For example in 「鳥の詩」 (tori no uta), it looks as if the の is connecting 鳥 (tori) and 詩 (uta), and I would... more


What's the difference between wa (は) and ga (が)?

When is it correct to use は but not が, and when is it correct to use が but not は? Are there any times when you can use either without changing the meaning of the sentence? How does switching change... more
Particles Grammar Japanese


からだけ vs "だけから", which is grammatical?

Good afternoon all, I was wondering when we chain particles, should "から" come before "だけ", or should it be the other way round? For example, I'm expecting a mail from 健一, a mail from 健二, and a... more


Can placements of adverbs be altered freely?

I'm curious if there is any difference in nuance between these two sentences: 1. 彼は少なくとも週に一度車を洗う。 2. 彼は週に少なくとも一度車を洗う。 I'm aware that grammatically speaking both are 100% right, but this question... more


What are the differences between 〜ので and 〜から?

When I was studying this, my 先生 kind of brushed over the point, and then years later, I realize that they are different, but I don't know exactly how. The only thing I understand is that ので is... more
Particles Grammar Japanese


Usage of なんて and なんか as emphasis?

When are なんて and なんか used as emphasis in casual speech? Are they used when you're surprised, angry or can it be both? What sort of feeling does it convey to the listener compared to a normal... more


why is it that some 形容動詞 accepts の after it while some only accepts な after it?

why is it that some 形容動詞 accepts の after it while some only accepts な after it? Examples: の only: 普通、大勢 な or の: 初心、特別、特殊 Is there a way for us to tell if a 形容動詞 needs a の or な particle after... more


What is the difference between 〜となる and 〜になる?

Is it a nuance difference? Is it formality? **EDIT** For example: > 請求書のお支払いは現金のみとなりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 > 請求書のお支払いは現金のみになりますので、ご了承くださいませ。 I just made that example up, but for some reason, my... more


The difference between が and を with the potential form of a verb?

When using the potential form of a verb, I was taught that the particle を becomes が. However, in real life this seems to not always be the case. I've even heard Japanese people use を instead of が... more
Particles Grammar Japanese Verbs


How does one use the "[V ます stem] に [Vタ]" pattern (as in 待ちに待った)?

Every now and then I hear 待ちに待った, as in: > 待ちに待ったライブ a long-awaited concert I started wondering if this pattern can apply to other verbs, and it certainly seems to, if Google is any... more


What are other language equivalents to Japanese particles?

When a person is learning は and が in terms of particles, what are the best way to relate them to English equivalents? The closest I can come to explaining them to others is "the" and "a" but I'm... more


Meaning of のだろう?

I'm not sure when should I use particle の in front of だろう/でしょう? Is のだろう used when the speaker wonders about something to himself? For example, what would be the translation of these... more


The use of "ne" in a sentence?

I am confused by the use of object in the sentence.In the sentence> *Io me ne sono ricordato*What is the meaning of *me* or *ne*?
Particles Grammar Japanese


How to say "also" or "too"?

The sentence "I also ate in Tokyo" can mean three different things: >*(Aside from my friends who ate there), I also ate in Tokyo.* >*(Aside from the other places where I tried local... more

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