The first three are exactly what you'd think of from a plain reading of the terms.
Hasty generalization is jumping to a conclusion without having adequate data. A false dilemma is setting up an either/or situation when in fact there are more than two choices. Questionable statistics may have been fabricated, or they may be imprecise (note, this is different than lying with statistics, which is using statistics to back up a claim which the data does not in fact support).
In case this is also an implied question given the title of your post, inductive reasoning is reasoning from a specific situation to a general conclusion. Think of the scientific method - making a hypothesis, conducting experiments, confirming or falsifying the original hypothesis based on data gathered. Deductive reasoning starts from a general conclusion and reasons to a specific situation.