Michelle K. answered 10/26/22
Experienced nurse/Med Student
DNA is made of the nucleotides adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). These are used to translate for mRNA, which is also made of nucleotides but with uracil (U) replacing thymine (T). When translation from DNA to mRNA happens, A is matched with U and G is matched with C. So in your sequence of GGTCAATGCCATAAG you just match the pairs together to make: CCAGUUACGGUAUUG. Now amino acids are made with 3 nucleotide sequences so you just break this mRNA strand up into triplets. CCA, GUU, ACG and so on. Then you can use those codes to refer to the chart and determine which amino acid they correlate with.