Hey Brandon! There are a lot of factors which contributed to societal change during the Industrialization Era.
- Industrialization went hand in hand with modernization. The number of people working in factories increased, and, at the same time, more efficient machinery led to a boost in production.
- Urbanization occurred as people moved to cities in search of jobs. While some found economic benefit, there were also problems. Overcrowding, poor sanitation, and dangerous working conditions negatively impacted the working class.
- A new understanding developed that work and leisure time should be separate. People wanted to work defined hours and then have free time when they were not at work. This differed from pre-industrial times, where farm and housework were constant throughout the day.
- Secularization. This was a more significant trend in Europe, but to some extent, industrialization and modernization tend to correlate with a decrease in religious attendance and increased focus on secular life.
- Conflict. Union protests put workers into conflict with factory owners over workers' rights and acceptable conditions at factories.
Let me know if you have any questions!