Following are the factors that affect Human growth and development:
· Heredity and genes have a significant influence in the transfer of physical and social features from parents to children. Heredity has a significant impact on several aspects of growth and development, including intellect, aptitudes, body shape, height, weight, hair colour, and eye colour.
· Sex is a significant aspect that determines human development and growth. There are significant differences in the growth and development of females and males. Girls' physical development in adolescence is faster than males'. Girls have a distinct bodily structure and growth pattern than guys.
· Socioeconomic issues undoubtedly play a role. At all ages, it has been observed that children from various socioeconomic backgrounds have differing average body sizes. The upper-level households are constantly ahead of the game.
· Nutrition has a direct relationship with growth. For optimal growth, the human body requires a proper quantity of calories, which varies depending on the stage of development. Malnutrition is considered a large-scale problem in many poor nations, according to research.
· Inside our bodies, we have a great number of endocrine glands. One or more hormones are secreted directly into the circulation by these glands. These hormones have the ability to increase or decrease the activity level of the body or specific organs.
· According to research, air pollution has negative impacts on human growth as well as the respiratory organs.
· Indoor pollution, or pollution caused by living circumstances, can cause illness and have a detrimental influence on human growth and development.
· A person's height, weight, colour, features, and bodily constitution are all influenced by racial variables. The variances in physical growth and development reveal a link to various cultural groupings.
A school can enhance physical and intellectual development of the students in following ways:
Intellectual development of students:
Students' hobbies and learning skills are to be focused, allowing them to select courses that are more relevant to his interests. Useful curriculum should be implemented. Instead than forcing children to study for grades, educators should encourage them to pursue knowledge.
Physical development of students: Schools and colleges play a critical role in encouraging students to develop positive physical activity habits by raising awareness of the importance of regular physical activity, increasing children's exposure to fun and varied activities, and creating more active environments in which students find it easier to simply move.