The question "punctuation with US measurements" seems to be asking:
How do I punctuate US measurements (feet, inches, pounds, miles)?
three-mile (hyphenate the number connected to the measure)
6 ' (six feet)
8" (eight inches)
6'8" (six feet, eight inches)
Frankly, there are so many measurements, that without a clearer question, I am not sure what you are hoping to clarify.
If you are a business person, check to see if your company has a style guide with their chosen punctuation (some companies have made specific decisions for their documents).
can stand for foot or a geographical minute (a minute of longitude or latitude). The double hatch mark " can stand for inch or geographical second (a second of longitude or latitude). So 5'6" would mean five feet, six inches. 42°24'54" N. would mean 42 degrees, 24 minutes, 54 seconds north.