A good place to quiz yourself is quizlet.com. They have games, flashcards, and you can create your own vocabulary lists. here is a good set for your assignment: http://quizlet.com/35145971/literary-terms-flash-cards/
Also, once you learn a new term try using it in your own writing. To better learn vocabulary, I teach the following steps:
1. Look up the word
2. Rewrite the definition by hand using your own language that makes sense to you.
3. Use the word in a sentence that shows you understand it. If the word was metamorphisis, for example, you could write, “In Cinderella, the girl undergoes a metaphorphisis as she changes from a maid to a princess.” A sentence that would show that you understand the word would be, “Metamorphisis happens often.” By writing all of this down, you create physical connections in your brain that make it easier to remember.
4. Think of a story or an image that will help you to remember the word. Let’s use metamorphisis again. You could think of Cinderella or a caterpillar turning into a butterfly.
Now to your answers:
Hyperbole is when the author uses an extreme statement to make a point. “I am in love with this cake; it is the best thing ever created!” Is a bit of an overstatement and a hyperbole. “You are the worst person in all of history!” would also be a hyperbole.
Paradox is when a statement seems like it would not make sense, but the fact that it does not make sense it what makes it correct. (I know, this is a bit tricky.) Some examples of a paradox would be: bittersweet memories, idiot savant, criminal genius, I am nobody, and so on.
Similie or Metaphor: A good way to figure out if something is a simile or a metaphor is to see how the two things are being compared. If something is like something else, chances are it is a simile. If something IS something else, however, you are looking at a metaphor. For example, "he is as nervous as a cat in a room of rocking chairs," would be a simile. In this example, "He" is directly compared to a cat through the use of the word as. A metaphor is usually used throughout a novel or poem. "He was a shark in the boardroom," or, "The green light was hope itself." One thing is equated with the other rather than compared.
1. simile something is like something else
2. similie something is again like something else
3. metaphor something just is something
4. Hyperbole. This is really going overboard on the flattery
5. Oxymoron: the author sets two things next to each other that do not make immediate sense