Asked • 26d

Why does 'with' mean 'against' and not 'alongside' in phrases of opposition?

In phrases like *fight with*, *argue with*, *combat with* etc, why does *with* mean the subject is opposing the object (grammatical object, technically a human opponent)?Phrases like *go with*, *study with*, etc do not have such a meaning (as the acts have no opposing sides by their nature) and they mean the act is performed along with the other person.How did *with* develop such a conflicting dual purpose?

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