I am Cherelle D. I thought I answered your question already as it listed on this site as answered. If you did not receive an answer here it is.
- Identify your subject (What is the sentence about?)
- Identify your verb (What is the subject of the sentence doing?)
- List any adjectives or adverbs (Words or phrases that modify a subject, object or verb)
- List any prepositional or modifying phrases (Phrases that modify, or provide additional information, about something in the sentence)
Determine whether you have one independent clause or whether there is a dependent clause (Dependent clauses are clauses that can't stand alone)
- List interjections, articles, modifiers and other parts of speech
I'll use your first sentence there as an example.
"The thought of slavery made men like William Wilberforce sad."
Nouns are words representing people, places, things, or ideas.
- slavery, men, William Wilberforce (which is a proper noun specifically), thought
Pronouns are words like he, she, they, it, or who, which represent nouns.
Verbs are action words.
To run, to swim, and made
Adjectives are description words that apply to nouns.
sad man, blue car, orange book
Adverbs, like adjectives, are description words, but adverbs apply to verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs where as adjectives do not, only nouns.
Quickly in quickly run, quite in quite slowly, very strange
Participles are words formed from verbs that act like adjectives or nouns.
Working in working class, flying in flying birds, saddened in saddened man
Conjunctions join clauses or words within the same clause.
And, but, or, for, nor, so, and yet
Joining independent clauses: "Carey took the car keys, and she drove to work."
Joining words in the same clause: "Arturo likes apples and oranges equally."
I have to add the rest of this on a comment area.