Stewart K. answered 11/28/21
AP, Research Paper, and Classroom History, Gov, and Geo Tutoring
Nagaland is a very distinct place in India, both geographically and culturally. Nagalanders are ethnically more closely related to the people of Myanmar/Burma than to the majority Bengalis or Hindis of India. Also, most Nagalanders are Christians, while the majority faith in India is Hinduism. The current ruling party of India, the BJP, has as a central organizing principle the national unity of Indians through a shared "hindutva", or Hindu-ness, that clearly does not apply to Nagalanders (or other minority groups in India, such as Kashmiris, Sikhs, mountain tribes of the south or northeast, etc.). That said, it would be hard to think of how Nagaland could be a successful independent country. There's no access to the sea, the only neighboring countries would be India and the even more dysfunctional Myanmar/Burma, and the economic base would be very small. India's federal system does offer protections to minorities if they are geographically distributed in a defined area that can be established as a state. I know that Nagaland has been working for independent status within the Indian federation for a long time; maybe this is an unrealistic hope.