The three main issues dictating the rise of tension between North and South were:
- States' Rights
The southern economy was geared heavily towards plantation agriculture, a very labor-intensive operation. As a result, the South was extremely dependent on slavery. The North was geared towards small farm operations and commerce. Therefore, slavery was less relevant. The South maintained the position that they needed slaves to propel their economy, while the North objected. The South followed up with the idea that states' rights trump the authority of the federal government, threatening to secede should the feds not play ball.