The thesis statement is important because it provides an overview of your claim and your reasons. It helps your readers focus on your topic and suggests how your paper will be structured. Generally, the thesis statement follows a specific formula:
CLAIM + "because" + REASONS = Thesis Statement
First, you need to make a claim. A claim is an arguable statement about the topic. A claim cannot be a fact. For example, if the topic is the death penalty, your claim could be "The death penalty should be abolished."
Two tips for the claim: 1) Do not use first-person ("I")
2) Do not include reasons
Next, you need to list your reasons. The reasons should be listed in the order you will discuss them. In the body of your paper, each reason should be a paragraph.
For example, reasons the death penalty should be abolished could be that 1) it violates the Constitution, 2) it does not prevent crime, and 3) it is more costly than a life sentence.
To write your thesis statement, you will use the word "because" to connect your claim to your reasons:
The death penalty should be abolished because it violates the Constitution, it does not prevent crime, and it is more costly than a life sentence.
Now your reader knows your stance and your reasons and is ready to hear your arguments!