The format of most letters in the same. The main difference is whether this is a personal letter or a business letter. For a personal letter, you would put your name, address, and teh date in the upper right corner of your paper (if you are doign this in Word, you can shift the aligment so it automatically enters the information on the right, instead of the left. Once you're done, make a new line and then press the left alignment button to write a letter). After skipping a space, go to the left side of your paper and, if you're writing a personal letter, you put your salutions: Dear ___. If you are writign a business letter or letter to your Congressmen, etc . ... you put the name and address of the person/company you're writing to. You should also include the person's job title after their name (ex. John Smith, Human Resources Manager). You write it on the left side, as you would most things you write in English. After the company's address, spik a space and write your salutations. If you don't know the exact name of teh person at teh company you're writing to, obvioulsy you would leave that line blank above the company's name and you can choose from a variety of salutations: Dear Sir and/or Madam, To Whom It May Concern, or Dear Hiring Manager, Dear ______ (name of the company). A semi-colon is appropriate to use after teh salutations in a business letter, though a comma is also acceptable.
After the salutations, on the next line you indent to the first word after "Dear" in your letter, or about 5 spaces (9 in MS Word) and then begin writing the body of your letter. When you're finished with the body, you sign the letter, usually with a closing line, such as "Sincerely," "Yours Truly," "Your Friend," or "Love" (depending on who you're writing to. A business letters is generaly clsoed with "Sincerely,"), skip a line, then write your name. Both your close and your name should be aligned to the right, like your name and address at the top. If you are using MS Word and intend to print the letter and mail it by hand, or fax it, you should leave enough space between the close and your name to sign yoru name in ink (generally about 3 lines). If you are going to email the letter, clearly you can't physically sign it. That's all you have to do!