Use of a Mnemonic device can make memorization not only easy but fun! The following hilarious sentence will accelerate your recall of the irregular participles:
Hot dog!! My vicious poodle can eat fat aardvarks very rapidly.
Using the initial letter of each word, you have a way to recall all 11 irregulars:
Hecho - done or made/hacer
Dicho - said or told/decir
Muerto - died or dead/morir
Vuelto - returned/volver
Puesto - placed or put/poner
Cubierto - covered/cubrir
Escrito - written/escribir
Frito - fried/freir
Abierto - open or opened/abrir
Visto - seen/ver
Roto - broken/romper
ALSO, this device places the only 2 irregular participles that end in CHO (instead of TO) at the very beginning of the sentence. ¡Qué perfecto!
Otherwise, don't forget that:
- Many participles also wear other sombreros by becoming adjectives or nouns IN ADDITION to being the action verb that follows the conjugation of "helping verb have"--HABER. Several examples are:
- comida - meal, vista - view, hecho - fact, un dicho - a saying, muerto - dead
- Forming the REGULAR participles is super easy:
For AR infinitives, drop the AR and add ADO
For ER & IR infinitives, drop the ER/IR and add IDO
- The present tense conjugations of helping verb, HABER, are: he, has, ha, hemos, habéis, han and are translated as HAVE or HAS.