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I need help ASAP in spanish please

how do I substitute the noun for the Spanish pronouns?
 
Ex.  Los alumnos
Ex.  tú y yo
Ex.  Mr. Hacke
ex.  tú y Kiley
ex.  aria y yo
ex.  los alumnos y yo
ex.  los alumnos y tú
ex.  Steven y yo
ex.  Hannah, Vance, tú y yo
ex.  Chelsie, Kimmi, y tú
ex.  el profesor
ex.  las profesoras
ex.  las profesora y yo
ex.  las profesora y tú

5 Answers by Expert Tutors

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Jennifer D. | Patient and Knowledgeable ESL, Spanish and Microsoft Office + TutorPatient and Knowledgeable ESL, Spanish a...
4.3 4.3 (3 lesson ratings) (3)
1
 
LOS/LAS/ELLOS/ELLAS = MORE THAN 1 PERSON............................................Mr. and Mrs. Smith
LA/EL= 1 PERSON (HE/SHE).....................................................Mr. Smith, Ms. Smith, Janice, Kelly or Sarah
Tú=YOU.................................................................................You: as in for example ¿Cómo estás (tú)? 
Tú+YO (NOSOTROS/AS)= YOU + I = OUR=WE (NOSOTROS).......Janice+I went to the store....(Janice y yo) fuimos a la tienda. 
Tú+KELLY(VOSOTROS/AS)=YOU+KELLY=YOU GUYS.........(not commonly used in Latin America)
 
 
 
 
 
Ex. Los alumnos
Ex. tú y yo
Ex. Mr. Hacke
ex. tú y Kiley
ex. aria y yo
ex. los alumnos y yo
ex. los alumnos y tú
ex. Steven y yo
ex. Hannah, Vance, tú y yo
ex. Chelsie, Kimmi, y tú
ex. el profesor
ex. las profesoras
ex. las profesora y yo
ex. las profesora y tú
Andres Felipe D. | Online Spanish Language Tutor From ColombiaOnline Spanish Language Tutor From Colom...
1
Remember.
I: Yo
You: Tu
He: El
She: Ella
We: Nosotros
You: Ustedes
They: Ellos
 
I and other person/people are "we"
You and other person/people are "They"
 
Regards,
Andres
Horacio M. | I'll be happy to help my students to develop and have fun!I'll be happy to help my students to dev...
0
 
 
Ex. Los alumnos                             Ellos
Ex. tú y yo                                     Nosotros
Ex. Mr. Hacke                                 El
ex. tú y Kiley                                  Ustedes
ex. Maria y yo                                 Nosotros
ex. los alumnos y yo                       Nosotros
ex. los alumnos y tú                        Ustedes
ex. Steven y yo                               Nosotros
ex. Hannah, Vance, tú y yo              Nosotros
ex. Chelsie, Kimmi, y tú                   Ustedes
ex. el profesor                                 El
ex. las profesoras                            Ellas
ex. las profesora y yo                      Nosotros (o nosotras, femenine)
ex. las profesora y tú                       Ustedes
 
Un saludo!
Fernando E. | Tutor: Spanish Native speaker and Microsoft Excel expertTutor: Spanish Native speaker and Micros...
0
Hello Viviana

 
First of all you have to remember that all those examples are from your point of view. In other words, you are the speaker every time. As an example, "los alumnos" (The students): you are saying "los alumnos"; therefore, from your point of view los alumnos (the students) are "ellos" (they). If the example were "tú y yo" (You and I) that means you are saying "you and I", so from your point of view you are saying "nosotros" (we).

The second thing you have to remember is that in Spanish language some pronouns have gender. In other words, as in English language there is a "she" and there is a "he" to identify third person singular with gender, in Spanish language is the same. There is a "ella" and there is a "él" to identify third person singular with gender. Now, in Spanish there are other pronouns with gender like "nosotros / nosotras", "ellos / ellas".

One particular case is second person plural because it depends of what variety of Spanish language we are talking about. In Spain for example, "You plural" is "Vosotros / Vosotras". However, in many Latin American countries we use "ustedes". In the last case there is no gender, it is used like "you" (Plural) in English.

Other case is the equivalent to "we" (nosotros / nosotras). In this case, if all we are mentioning as "we" are women you can say "nosotras". However, if someone in this group is male or everybody is male when you are saying "we" you have to use "nosotros" because in Spanish when you are using a general and plural noun, and that noun has gender, you use the male version. As an example:
 
If you are saying: "María, Marta y yo" you use "nosotras" (female if the speaker is a woman)

If you are saying: "Fernando, José y yo" you use "nosotros" (male if the speaker is a man)
 
If you are saying: "María, Fernando y yo" you use "nosotros" (general either way if the speaker is man or woman) In this case, because it is a mix, you use the male version as a general pronoun.

 

In summary

You have to identify, who you are talking about in the sentence, and it is always from your point of view. Then you replace the noun with the correspondent pronoun taking care of the gender and the especial cases.


I hope it helps you





Fernando
Brian T. | Spanish, French, Business Technology, ESL/ESOL, TEFLSpanish, French, Business Technology, ES...
5.0 5.0 (3 lesson ratings) (3)
0
Replacing nouns with pronouns in Spanish is exactly the same thing we do in English.
 
We do this all the time in English.  Remember, just because you are doing this in Spanish, the concept does not change.
 
Here are some example in English so you will see how this works and make it easier to understand.   
 
First person examples.
(My name is Brian)
Brian = I
Brian and Mark = we
Brian and Sue = we 
 
Second person examples.  - Used from my point of view as if I am talking to YOU.
(Your name is Viviana)
Viviana = you
You and Mark = you
You and Sue = you
 
Third person examples. - Used from my point of view as if I am talking about the following people.
Mike = he
Sue = she
Mark and Sue = they
Mark and Bob = they
Sue and Anne = they
 
 
The key is to memorize your pronouns in Spanish. 
Make sure you remember the difference between tú, vosotros/as, usted, and ustedes. (In Spanish, you have the formal and informal "you".)
Then you will have masculine and feminine pronouns as well.
 
Important - When you replace a noun with a  pronoun, these take place from "your" point of view. 
- Any time you are included - I or We
- When you are talking directly TO another person or a group - you
- When you are talking ABOUT another person or group of people - he, she, they
 
Good luck.
 
 
 
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