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courts that take over the decision of other courts are.?

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Andre W. | Friendly tutor for ALL math and physics coursesFriendly tutor for ALL math and physics ...
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They are called appellate courts or appeals courts.
Mary Donna A. | Excited to be your Math Tutor!Excited to be your Math Tutor!
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I think the answer you are looking for is the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court is the highest law of the land.  
A federal or state court ruling can be overturned by the Supreme Court.


The U.S. Supreme Court can only overturn a state's high court if there is an issue of federal law involved. For example, if a state high court interpreted or applied a federal statute or federal case law, the federal Supreme Court could review the decision and overturn the state high court if the state high court applied or interpreted federal law incorrectly. Also, if an appellant alleges a violation of the federal constitution, the U.S. Supreme can review the state high court decision in question. But a state high court decision that deals only with state law cannot be reviewed by federal courts unless there is some violation of federal law (e.g., a party is denied their federal constitutional rights) involved.
Bill H. | Tutor specializing in college prep, writing, civics, and AspergersTutor specializing in college prep, writ...
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A court that has the authority to overturn trial court decisions is an appeals court or appellate court. There are sometimes different levels of appeals courts, most commonly an intermediate appeals court and a high (supreme) court. In the federal court system, trial courts are called District Courts, appeals courts are called Circuit Courts, and the high court is called the Supreme Court. Each state has its own court system and may assign different names to the different levels of courts and some only have a trial court and a high court. Some states use counter-intuitive labels: for example, New York's trial court is called Supreme Court and its high court is called the Court of Appeals. Appeals courts frequently have a limited scope of review and function differently than trial courts. In the run of cases, appeals courts can be more accurately said to review rather than "take over" decisions of other courts. 
Larry K. | Results Matter . . .Results Matter . . .
Mary is correct. The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal, the decisions of a supreme court are not subject to further review by any other court.
Jonathan G. | Patient and Creative Liberal Arts TutorPatient and Creative Liberal Arts Tutor
While Mary is not wrong or incorrect, I believe Andre's answer works better for your purposes. The Supreme Court is the ultimate appellate court.