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Hindi nouns - masculine vs. feminine

Good Day!

This question involves identifying nouns in Hindi - as to which are masculine and which are feminine.  Obviously if the word ends with "a" it is considered masculine, and if the word ends with "i" it is considered feminine (with some exceptions to this rule).  However, I am curious as to why certain nouns are considered masculine vs. feminine, where the "a" and the "i" rule do not apply.

Example:  Sham (Evening) - feminine, where Din (Day) is masculine.  

Are there certain categories that masculine nouns fall under, and others that feminine nouns fall under?  Or is there simply no logic to it at all?

Thank you!!!

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1 Answer

Hi Shane!
Okay, long story short... Hindi is an ancient symbolic system and its expression is tied to the philosophies of Hinduism. Many of those exceptions you speak of, like "Evening" and "Day" have to do with the masculine and feminine energies of creation (God/Goddess, Shiva/Shakti, Man/Woman, etc). The Sun is attributed with the masculine, the moon is attributed with the feminine. With the words you're unsure of, try keeping this aspect of the Hindu philosophy in mind. Get to the root of what the word actually means. It may or may not help, but it's always stuck with me. Studying Hinduism isn't a bad way to spend your time either. It's extremely complex and offers a metaphysical perspectives about human archetypes that is hard to match in western practices.