The slope of the line for this equation is the number multiplied to the x. So, m (slope) is 3/2.

Now, a perpendicular slope will be the negative reciprocal. The negative recipriocal of 3/2 = -2/3.

I need step-by-step answers so I can fully understand.

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TINA H. | Multi-Subject TutorMulti-Subject Tutor

First get the equation in slope-intercept form (y=mx+b, where m=slope):

3x - 2y + 4 = 0

-3x -3x

-2y +4 = -3x

-4 -4

-2y = -3x - 4

-2 -2 -2

y = (3/2)x - (-2)

y = (3/2)x + 2

The slope of the line for this equation is the number multiplied to the x. So, m (slope) is 3/2.

Now, a perpendicular slope will be the negative reciprocal. The negative recipriocal of 3/2 = -2/3.

Assuming the equation is 3x-2y+4=0 then the equation of the line, solving for y in terms of x, gives y=3/2x+2 the slope of this line is 3/2 then the slope of a line that is perpendicular is -2/3 .

An easy way to see this is to draw the line. By definition the slope, m=tan(α) where α is the angle the line makes with the x axis. Let L=slope of the perpendicular line then L=tan(β) but the two lines with the x axis form a right triangle hence α+π-β=π/2 so β=π/2+α and L=tan(β)=tan(π/2+α)=-cot(α) = -1/tan(α)=-1/m.

In our problem m=3/2 so L=-2/3.

The geometry becomes clear if you make a sketch of the two lines. Hope this helps

Jim

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