Lee H. answered • 09/25/16

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Hi, Kyle, for continuous functions, like trig functions here, the limit of the function is the same as the function applied to the limit. So you find the limit of the algebra expression inside the tan and cot functions and evaluate the trig function.

lim x--> inf tan ( x/x^2+1) = tan (lim x--> ( x/x^2+1))

to evaluate lim x--> x/x^2+1 divide numerator & denominator by x

^{2}so that it is easy to see that the limit is zero.therefore lim x--> inf tan ( x/x^2+1) = tan(0) = 0

The cot one is similar. The limit inside cot will be pi/4.

Lee H.

Sorry, I interpreted the question as tan ( x/(x^2+1)). If however it actually is tan ( (x/x^2)+1) Then yes you can just divide out an x from the fraction, or factor out x/x from the expression as you suggest. Then

limx-->positive infinity x/x^2+1 = limx-->positive infinity (x/x)*(1/x + 1) =

**1*1 = 1, not 0**.So last step becomes tan(1) = 1.557408.

**But:**it does not make too much sense to write (x/x^2) + 1. Why not write 1/x + 1 in the first place? So please double check the original question to make sure it's (x/x^2) + 1 and not x/(x^2+1). - Lee

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09/26/16

Kyle R.

09/25/16