13 Answered Questions for the topic virology

09/29/19

HIV and it's Reproductive Cycle

Hello,I am wondering about HIV and it's reproductive cycle. Is it Lysogenic that subsequently goes through and Lytic cycle? I am wondering if it goes through induction.

07/19/19

Why is rabies incurable?

I'm still not sure about the mechanics that lead to rabies being incurable. I know that it can be treated before any symptoms show up, but why is it that once symptoms show the person is a dead man... more

07/15/19

Can a vaccine or antidote be administrated via gases or sprays?

On TV or in movies a gas or spray containing a vaccine/cure/antitoxin is released and everybody is saved. Is this something plausible in real life? Specific examples would be appreciated.

06/16/19

How does hypochlorous acid inactivate viruses?

I was reading how bleach was used very widely as a disinfecting agent during the 2014 West Africa ebola outbreak and am interested in the mechanisms with which hypochlorous acid inactivates... more

05/07/19

Can viruses be toxic?

Bacteria can produce toxins like endotoxins and exotoxins. In diseases like cholera or tetanus they can harm infected people due to these toxins. Now, although viruses are much smaller and are... more

05/07/19

Can Biologists identify all viruses?

I went to the doctor today with my girlfriend, and the doctor said that she had a virus but doesn't know which one and she should let the infection heal with some rest. The fact that the doctor... more

05/07/19

Can Biologists identify all viruses?

I went to the doctor today with my girlfriend, and the doctor said that she had a virus but doesn't know which one and she should let the infection heal with some rest. The fact that the doctor... more
Virology Pharmacology Virus

05/05/19

Can we develop a nucleos(t)ide analogue to cure rabies?

Nucleos(t)ide analogues have been successfully used to treat HIV, HBV and HCV. Since rabies virus is also a RNA virus that uses RdRp to replicate. If we develop an nucleos(t)ide against its RdRp,... more

How heavy are all foreign microorganisms in and on the human body?

I define "foreign microorganism" as a microorganism which is not produced by the human body (not antibodies or leukocytes) including bacteria, viruses, fungi, biofilm aggregates or small lifeforms... more

04/22/19

How to understand influenza strain designations?

What do the strain designations for flu mean? For example avian flu is classified as `H5N1`, what do the letters `H`, `N` and numbers `5`, `1` mean? Is it more than a simple string-identifier?
Virology Microbiology

04/21/19

Viruses are exceedingly small and round and simple with few genes, with the exception of which of the following?

Choose at least one answer: a) Phycodnaviruses of algae, b) Smallpox viruses with a brick shape, c) Ebola with very extended filaments, d) Small round viruses of diarrhoea
Virology Microbiology

03/19/19

For how long would a flu-contaminated parcel be an effective disease vector?

A parcel has been delivered and **contaminated** by a person who has the flu. For how long would the parcel be an effective disease vector?

What causes a 'stuffy' or 'runny' nose when you have a cold?

When humans get the common cold, a common symptom is a stuffy or runny nose. Is that the body's immune response or is that the virus's doing?

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