Good Afternoon Carol,
Broadly, any comparison between the developed mind of critical thought and the less developed, will share a common overarching theme. This theme takes the form of a homeostatic balance of inner parts.
Concisely, the under-developed position is displayed as a firm resolution, on a single unshakable premise. This is because, in light of the many opposing positions at play, the individual will seek epistemic balance through adherence to one clear axiom. Conversely, the well developed position will have navigated the treacherous waters of uncertainty long enough to have reached the same homeostatic balance while yet encompassing the uncertainty of competing axioms.
Therefore, with regard to broad category of "authority," a less developed thinker many have any number of beliefs. The uniting factor then, is the fervency to which that belief is necessary for that thinker to maintain epistemic balance on this particular schema of reality. For instance, as a political example, the uncritical position may partisan either way, or even non-partisan, in as much as that position is a necessary position for that specific thinker to hold to maintain an inner balance.
However, the more wizened thinker on an issue (while thought mastery of this sort is transferrable, it is given able to be issue specific) would see that –– while singular truth does exist, its existence is often manifest in a sort of a living flux according to the season, and the particular components in play. This thinker may also therefore be characterized by any number of positions on a particular authority, political, structural, familial, or social. The uniting factor, is the underlying motivations for that external position. Critical positions serve a function in connection to a higher even more singular regard for Truth, which transcends lower abstractions to any partisan-domain of thought; it, itself, appears as a balance of parts and a security of self through an acceptance of these changes across time.
I hope this answer finds you well!