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prove the following loop

If the predicate a+b = even is true, the prove the following loop is true
while (a >= 0 and a <= 100) {
a = a + 3;
b = b -1;

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David M. | Mathematics Tutoring K-UndergradMathematics Tutoring K-Undergrad
5.0 5.0 (8 lesson ratings) (8)
If a + b is even, then either both a and b are even or both are odd.
a could be written 2n or 2n+1, 2n-1 (even or odd, odd)
b could be written 2k or 2k+1, 2k-1 (even or odd, odd)
Substitute the even/odd representations in for a and b:
Even case:
a = 2n+3 = 2n+2+1 = 2(n+1) +1 which is odd
b = 2k-1 which is odd
Odd case:
a = (2n+1)+3 = 2n+4 = 2(n+2) which is even
b = (2k+1)-1 = 2k which is even
As the loop continues to add 3 to a each iteration it will eventually reach >=100 and run its course.
If a starts as any negative integer, it will not run.
I hope this helps.