Kayla J.

asked • 05/04/16

An adjective has to have the same ending as the noun it modifies.

for latin

3 Answers By Expert Tutors

By:

Mark M. answered • 05/04/16

Tutor
5.0 (243)

Mathematics Teacher - NCLB Highly Qualified

Ed M.

Mark M. is right about Latin adjectives needing to agree with nouns in gender and number, and they also have to agree in case as well, i.e., to show the grammatical function of the noun in the sentence, all of which contribute to make the correct declension of Latin adjectives quite tricky for learners. And yes, as Mark also mentions, the actual endings used to indicate number/gender/case are often not identical for every adjective/noun pair (and noun/adjective pair since Latin adjectives frequently postmodify nouns).
 
Examples:
 
filius bonus (masculine singular nominative) '(the) good son'
filii boni (masculine plural nominative) '(the) good sons'
filiium bonum (masculine singular accusative) '(the) good son'
carta bona (feminine singular nominative) '(the) good map'
cartae bonae (feminine plural nominative) '(the) good maps' 
cartam bonam (feminine singular accusative) '(the) good map'
 
but:
 
magister bonus (masculine singular nominative) '(the) good master'
filiius fortis (masculine singular nominative) '(the) strong son'
puellam fortem (feminine singular accusative) '(the) strong girl'
 
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05/05/16

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