289 Answered Questions for the topic General Chemistry

9d

#### What type of reaction is this?

Al(s) + 3Ag(NO3)2(aq) ===> Al(NO3)2(aq) + 3Ag(s)Double displacement?

18d

#### From the partial (valence-level) orbital diagram, write the ground-state electron configuration and group number.

5p __ __ __ (no arrows)4d __ __ __ __ __ (four up arrows)5s __ (one up arrow)

19d

#### Write the symbol of the element from which this ion is derived and Write the formula of the oxide this ion forms.

The partial (valence-level) orbital diagram for a 3+ ion is: (3+ ion) 4s 3d

19d

#### What is the full ground-state electron configuration of the monatomic ion most likely to be formed by Br?

I got 1s22s22p63s23p63d104s24p6 but it is incorrect.

19d

#### Choose all possible values of each quantum number for the outermost electron in an S2− ion.

I got 3 for n and 1 for l but how do I find the possible values for ml and ms?

21d

#### Write the charge and full ground-state electron configuration of the monatomic ion most likely to be formed by P.

Charge: -3And I got 1s22s22p63s23p3 for the ground-state electron configuration, but it is incorrect. What does ground state configuration mean?

21d

#### Write the charge and full ground-state electron configuration of the monatomic ion most likely to be formed by P.

Charge: -3And I got 1s22s22p63s23p3 for the ground-state electron configuration, but it is incorrect. What does ground state configuration mean?

21d

#### This chemical reaction is a two-step reaction. What type of reaction occurs in each step? How did you determine your answer?

The products of step 1 are sodium acetate and carbonic acid. Step 2, which occurs immediately after step 1, produces carbon dioxide and water.The balanced chemical equations are:NaHCO3(s)...
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28d

#### Determine which of the following H atom electron transitions has the longest wavelength and which has the shortest wavelength:

(a) n = 1 to n = 6(b) n = 4 to n = 6(c) n = 4 to n = 9(d) n = 2 to n = 11Would the longest be b and the shortest be a?

03/10/21

#### For n = 3 and l = 2, give the sublevel designation, the allowable ml values, and the number of orbitals.

Sublevel designation:s, p, d, or f?Allowable ml values:0-1, 0, +1-2, -1, 0, +1, +2Or-3, -2, -1, 0, +1, +2, +3Number of orbitals:

03/05/21

#### I keep getting this wrong. In a collision of sufficient force, automobile air bags respond by electrically triggering the explosive decomposition of sodium azide (NaN3) to its elements....

A 33.4−g sample of sodium azide was decomposed, and the nitrogen gas generated was collected over water at 26°C. The total pressure was 757.0 mmHg. How many liters of dry N2 were generated? Do not...
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03/05/21

#### When 28.2 mL of 0.500 M H2SO4 is added to 28.2 mL of 1.00 M KOH in a coffee-cup calorimeter at 23.50°C, the temperature rises to 30.17°C. Calculate ΔH of this reaction...

(Assume that the total volume is the sum of the individual volumes and that the density and specific heat capacity of the solution are the same as for pure water.) (d for water = 1.00 g/mL; c for...
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03/04/21

#### A 435−g piece of copper tubing is heated to 89.5°C and placed in an insulated vessel containing 159 g of water at 22.8°C. Assuming no loss of water and a heat capacity for the vessel of 10.0 J...

J/0C, what is the final temperature of the system (c of copper = 0.387 J/g·°C)?

03/03/21

#### Oxidation of gaseous ClF by F2 yields liquid ClF3, an important fluorinating agent. Use the following thermochemical equations to calculate...

ΔH0rnx for the production of CIF3:(1) 2 CIF(g) + O2(g) ---> Cl2O(g) + OF2(g) ΔH0 = 167. 5 kJ(2) 2 F2(g) + O2(g) ---> 2 OF2(g) ΔH0 = -43.5 kJ(3) 2 CIF3(l) + 2 O2(g) ---> Cl2O(g) + 3...
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03/02/21

#### When 1 mol of CS2(l) forms from its elements at 1 atm and 25°C, 89.7 kJ is absorbed, and it takes 27.7 kJ to vaporize 1 mol of the liquid. How much heat is absorbed when 1 mol of CS2(g) forms from...

its elements at these conditions? Do not answer in scientific notation.I got 1174 kJ but it is wrong.

03/02/21

#### This one I am stuck....High-purity benzoic acid (C6H5COOH; ΔHrxn for combustion = −3227 kJ/mol) is used as a standard for calibrating bomb calorimeters. A 1.221-g sample burns in a calorimeter...

(heat capacity = 1365 J/°C) that contains exactly 1.370 kg of water. What temperature change is observed?My steps:-qreaction = - (1.221g HBZ) X 1 mol HBZ over 1221.2g HBZ X -3227 kJ over 1 mol HBZ...
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03/02/21

#### Copper(I) oxide can be oxidized to copper(II) oxide: Cu2O(s) + 1/2 O2(g) → 2 CuO(s).....

ΔH0rxn = -146.0 kJGiven ΔH0f of Cu2O(s) = −168.6 kJ/mol, find ΔH0f of CuO(s)

03/02/21

#### Sucrose (C12H22O11, table sugar) is oxidized in the body by O2 via a complex set of reactions that ultimately produces CO2(g) and H2O(l) and releases 5.16 × 103 kJ of heat per mole of sucrose...

(a) Write a balanced thermochemical equation for this reaction. Include the physical state of each reactant and product.Enter your answer for ΔHrxn in scientific notation.(b) Calculate the energy...
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03/02/21

#### I am pretty sure I did this completely wrong. When 25.8 mL of 0.500 M H2SO4 is added to 25.8 mL of 1.00 M KOH in a coffee-cup calorimeter at 23.50°C, the temperature rises to 30.17°C. Calculate ΔH...

of this reaction. (Assume that the total volume is the sum of the individual volumes and that the density and specific heat capacity of the solution are the same as for pure water.) (d for water =...
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03/02/21

#### When 20.1 mL of 0.500 M H2SO4 is added to 20.1 mL of 1.00 M KOH in a coffee-cup calorimeter at 23.50°C, the temperature rises to 30.17°C. Calculate ΔH of this reaction. (Assume...

that the total volume is the sum of the individual volumes and that the density and specific heat capacity of the solution are the same as for pure water.) (d for water = 1.00 g/mL; c for water =...
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02/28/21

#### In a collision of sufficient force, automobile air bags respond by electrically triggering the explosive decomposition of sodium azide (NaN3) to its elements. A 29.4−g sample of sodium azide was...

decomposed, and the nitrogen gas generated was collected over water at 26°C. The total pressure was 733.8 mmHg. How many liters of dry N2 were generated?I got 1158.62 L but it is wrong.

02/28/21

#### Ammonium nitrate, a common fertilizer, is used as an explosive in fireworks and by terrorists. It was the material used in the tragic explosion at the Oklahoma City federal building in 1995....

How many liters of gas at 307°C and 1.00 atm are formed by the explosive decomposition of 86.6 kg of ammonium nitrate to nitrogen, oxygen, and water vapor?Do not answer in scientific notation.

02/28/21

#### Will the volume of a gas increase, decrease, or remain unchanged for the following set of changes? The pressure is decreased from 6.33 atm to 1.05 atm, while the temperature...

is increased from 123 degrees C to 234 degrees C a) The volume increasedb) The volume will decreasec) The volume will not change

02/27/21

#### I got reaction one wrong...Calculate the volume (in mL) of CO2 that forms at 213°C and 0.930 atm per gram of NaHCO3 by each of the reaction processes.

A baker uses sodium hydrogen carbonate (baking soda) as the leavening agent in a banana-nut quickbread. The baking soda decomposes according to two possible reactions.Reaction one is:2NaHCO3(s)...
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