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how do you solve 40z^2-47z+12=0

I would like find out how to get the middle and last term together

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To factor 40 z^2 - 47 z + 12 set up two sets of parentheses with 40z as the first term in both cases. Each of these grouips will have a minus sign following the 40z term since the product must be positive and the the integers add up to -47. At the same time, draw a horizontal line underneath both of these binomials and place a 40 as the denominator. Eventually we may need to factor the 40 into 2 * 20 or 4 * 10 or 5 * 8,. but we do not know in advance what it will be. 
Now, we need to find two integers (both of which are negative) whose sum is -47 while their product is 40 * 12 or 480.
Since 40 + 12 makes 52, try 20 and 24 (take half of the larger and twice of the smaller to obtain a pair of integers that will certainly have the same product). Since 20 + 24 is only 44 we need integers that are further apart (but not as far apart as 40 and 12). I multiplied 20 by 3/2 and 24 by 2/3 to obtain 30 and 16 (whose sum is 46). Next, I doubled 16 and took half of 30 to get 32 and 15. I inserted the 32 into one group and 15 into the other. (It does not matter where since both groups are the same (40z -  ) and (40z -  ). Finally 40z - 32 can be factored by 8 while 40z - 15 can be factored by 5. So, we now change the 40 in the denominator to 8 * 5 and simplify to (5z -4) (8z - 3). 
Setting each of these binomials to zero, we obtain z = 4/5 or z = 3/8
One does not need to use the quadratic formula, but that would certainly be another method to arrive at the same result.

There are several ways of solving quadratics: the quadratic formula, completing the square, square root, factoring. If your lesson is asking you to use a specific method you should use that one. In this case, I think you should just use the quadratic formula since you will not be able to factor out 47z.


So, first recall the equation is in the form ax2+bx+c=0 and the quadratic formula is x=-b±√b2-4ac / 2a. There are two solutions since there is a ± in the formula.

So, plug in the numbers from your situation: x=-(-47)±√(-47)2-4(40)(12) / 2(40)

Now work out the numbers: x=47±√2209-1920 / 80

Take it further: x=47±√289 / 80

Once more: x=47±17 / 80

Finally: x=64/80 or x=30/80 which are reducible to x=4/5 or x=3/8