Much like the United States Congress, the Texas House and Senate operate as an internal legislative counter to each other. The Texas House of Representatives has 150 members to the Senate's 31, giving each representative a significantly lower constituent count (~100,000 to a senate districts ~500,000)***. Added to the shorter term limits (2 years for the House, 4 for the senate), it is intended to provide a more grounded and up-to-date expression of the will of the people. The Senate, by contrast, is intended to provide a long-term view of legislative functions, ostensibly focusing on policies that affect the entire state rather than individual districts or governmental/business subsectors. By placing financial control in the hands of the House, it requires the Senate to take into consideration the immediate (as well as fiduciary) impact of any legislation in order to properly pass it through the House as well.