What are the topics under modern physics?
1 Expert Answer
- Motivation — the state of Classical Mechanics circa 1895
- Blackbody Radiation and the Ultraviolet Catastrophe
- The Photoelectric Effect versus the wave theory of light
- The speed of light and the Michelson-Morley Experiment
- Gravity — Action at a distance and the perihelion of Mercury
- Nebulae — fuzzy patches of light in the night sky
- Four Revolutionary Theories
- Quantum Mechanics
- Special Relativity
- General Relativity
- The Big Bang
- Some Philosophical Implications
- All motion is relative
- Space and time are not two separate things, they are aspects of a unified space-time continuum
- Mass and energy are not two separate things, they are two forms of total mass-energy
- Material objects and Information-carrying signals cannot travel faster than the speed of light
- The observer is part of the system
- You cannot measure a system without changing what you are measuring
- The universe is inherently non-deterministic
- Systems can exist in superpositions of mutually-exclusive states
- Matter and energy are neither waves nor particles. They exhibit characteristics of BOTH waves AND particles simultaneously.
- Some Physical Applications
- Atomic Structure
- Nuclear Physics
- Particle Physics
- Statistical Mechanics
- Grand Unification
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