Asked • 05/03/19

Does "The Soul selects her own Society" by Emily Dickinson have a simile?

Here is the poem "The Soul selects her own Society" by Emily Dickinson. > The Soul selects her own Society — Then — shuts the Door — To her divine Majority — Present no more — > > Unmoved — she notes the Chariots — pausing — At her low Gate — Unmoved > — an Emperor be kneeling Upon her Mat — > > I’ve known her — from an ample nation — Choose One — Then — close the > Valves of her attention — Like Stone The book *SAT II Success: Literature* which I use to prepare for the SAT exam (a multiple-choice test for high school students in the US) asks the following question about the poem: > Which of the following elements of style are not present in the poem? > (A) Metaphors (B) Similes (C) Grammatical irregularities (D) Slant rhyme (E) Figurative language In my opinion, every choice is present: metaphors ("Valves"), similes ("[l]ike Stone"), grammatical irregularities (punctuation), slant rhyme ("pausing"/"kneeling"), and figurative language (this one includes metaphors and similes). However, the book says otherwise. Here is an explanation for this question: > **The correct answer is (B).** Remember to pay special attention to the > word *except* in this question. “Chariots” and “Emperor” are clearly > metaphors for wealth and power, which makes choice (A) true. Dickinson > is known for her sharp, concrete images, like “Door,” “Chariots,” > “Gate,” “Mat,” and “Stone,” making choice (B) untrue because they are > not similes. Choices (C), (D), and (E) are clearly evident, and > therefore do not meet the criteria of exception. Choice (B) is the > right answer. The book says that "[l]ike Stone" only includes an image of stone, but isn't it a simile? According to [Wikipedia](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simile): > A simile (/ˈsɪməli/) is a figure of speech that directly compares two > things. Similes are a form of metaphor that explicitly use connecting > words (such as like, as, so, than, or various verbs such as resemble), > though these specific words are not always necessary. So why is "[l]ike Stone" not a simile in this poem?

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