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# See below.

An experiment tests whether or not dogs can detect cancer by sniffing 7 urine vials, one of which was from a cancer patient. When the hypothesis is tested that the dogs randomly guess, H0: p = 1/7, against the hypothesis that the dogs do not randomly guess, Ha: p not equal 1/7, a P-value of 0.05 is obtained. If the decision in part a is in error, what type of error is it? Explain using the context of the experiment. A - A Type I Error - The P value would cause the rejection of the hypothesis that the dogs randomly guess when in reality they have a method for determining the cancer vial. B- A Type II error - The P value would cause the rejection of the hypothesis that the dogs randomly guess when in reality they do randomly guess. C - A Type I error - The P value would cause the rejection of the hypothesis that the dogs randomly guess when in reality they do randomly guess. D. A Type II error - The P value would not cause rejection of the hypothesis that the dogs randomly guess when in reality they have a method for determining the cancer vial.