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How do I teach 6th grade standard of Ratio to students on a 1st grade eduacation level?

Student is in 6th grade.
        I have a couple of students who have VERY little number sense and I have to do ratio and proportions for MCAS ALT math.  The level starts at 6th grade so I can’t spiral down to a lower grade.  We have been working on part to part relationships with stickers, etc.   The students don’t have to count passed 5 for the ratio, but they don’t even have the number sense to count to 5.  For Number Sense we are working on labeling a number line 1-5 with slow progress.

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Connie W. | UCLA Special Educator Teaches Strategies for Self-TutoringUCLA Special Educator Teaches Strategies...
4.9 4.9 (16 lesson ratings) (16)
Look at Touch Math to teach the concept of number sense. As soon as they can tell the difference between 1-5, by using visual, auditory, and tactile means; teach proportions first, by making up a story that one person is on this side of the = sign, and another person is on the other side. They both have = numbers of candies. Then introduce ratio with a story about one person only, who has 1 candy in one hand and 5 in the other hand and explain that is called a ratio. At the first grade level, I would not expect comprehension. Slowly give concrete examples until they can tell a story without manipulatives. Give plenty of examples, so they they learn that two ratios=a proportion, then introduce the math skills associated with these skills.
James G. | Jim the Computer, Math, and Project Management ManJim the Computer, Math, and Project Mana...
4.9 4.9 (177 lesson ratings) (177)
Hi Kathleen,
I tutored a young man who turned out to have ADD, bipolar, and autism issues.  The mother did not tell me all of that until later when tutoring was not going well.  I was not qualified for that, but I did some research on teaching people with such limitations.  There are techniques for this but I think you would learn them in special ed training, not via Internet research.  I have a cousin who does special ed teaching and it requires a lot of unique skills.  It sounds like you need some of those skills or a way to learn them.  I am sorry that I do not have a better answer.
Jim G.