i dont understand how to do this problem please help me thanks

Is the quantity to the right of the equals sign (8/x) + 1 or 8/(x+1)? Unfortunately there's no easy way to write out fractions here, so the next best thing is to use parentheses and/or brackets to make it clear what's in the numerator and what's in the denominator. That helps us be certain that we help you with the exact problem you are having trouble with.