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why do mathematics use symbols rather than words

need to know the answer to that question. that is a question on my homework and i don't know the answer and can't find it in my math book

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Nicole C. | Increase confidence in math and science, chemistry, algebra IIIncrease confidence in math and science,...
4.9 4.9 (167 lesson ratings) (167)

Math is timeless in a way; the symbols have been used in various eras and with various languages but the symbols remain.

Sometimes in order to explain what we have said a symbol does (like a + sign means add the first part to the second part) you would end up with a novel instead of a single sheet of paper.

Math has a lot of abstract and theoretical concepts. If we didn’t come up with the idea of variables (substitute what you don’t know right now or what could change with a ‘ x ’) how could we get to our theoretical answer?

There has to be more that can be said beyond these concepts, but I think this is a good start.


Roman C. | Masters of Education Graduate with Mathematics ExpertiseMasters of Education Graduate with Mathe...
4.9 4.9 (349 lesson ratings) (349)

Symbols were indeed introduced for convenience reasons. Because of them we can write math and perform computations on paper much faster than if we had to use words. Try writing the quadratic formula or the law of cosines entirely in words and you will see if your friends can figure out what the resulting sentences mean. They will likely be confused for a while.

As for the reasons for particular symbols, to make them easy to remember. For example = was chosen for equals because the two lines in it are of equal length, while the symbol used for square roots is a modified version of the letter r which is the first letter in the term radical which refers to nth roots.

Jinjer M. | Math and Science Tutor for Active or Artistic StudentsMath and Science Tutor for Active or Art...
4.9 4.9 (106 lesson ratings) (106)

Math didn't always use symbols--when it was first imported from Arabs, algebraic "sentences" were written out in words. For example, instead of "x," the phrase "the unknown thing" was used. Try writing your math notes in plain Elnglish for a day, and you may understand why symbols were invented.



Carrie B. | Test prep specialist with 14+ years experience: SAT/ACT/GRE/GMAT/LSATTest prep specialist with 14+ years expe...
5.0 5.0 (357 lesson ratings) (357)

This is a fun question!

One thing to think about is how confusing it might become if we used words instead of symbols. Think for a minute about the subtraction symbol. In words, we could use any of the following phrases:


less than


take away

decreased by


With symbols, there is only one way to write a subtraction sign, which makes it much easier! (That's one of the reasons why word problems are usually more difficult for students. So many ways to word the same math statement!)

Also, math is independent of your own language. Whether you speak English, Korean, Spanish, or Swahili, 2+2=4. By using symbols, math demonstrates that it is universal.