Dom V. answered • 04/13/18

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Cornell Engineering grad specializing in advanced math subjects

[X'] will be a 2-by-1 vector with components [x' y'], and [X] will be the 2-by-1 vector [x y].

[A] is a 2-by-2 matrix of coefficients determined by the differential equations:

x' = 1x + 0y

y' = 0x + 1y

[x'] = [1 0] [x]

[y'] = [0 1] [y]