the orbit of the earth around the sun is an ellipse sun is on one foci. if length of major axis is 300 million km

and eccentricity is 0.0167 find minimum and maximum distance of the earth from the sun

the orbit of the earth around the sun is an ellipse sun is on one foci. if length of major axis is 300 million km

and eccentricity is 0.0167 find minimum and maximum distance of the earth from the sun

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Alexandria, VA

For an ellipse the distance, d, from the center to a focal point is d = a e, where a is the semi-major axis length and e is the eccentricity. Given the data, a = 150 x 10^6 and e = 0.0167 . So d = 2.505 x 10^6.

The distance of closest approach is a - d = 147.495 km and the maximum distance to the sun is

a + d = 152.505 .

Tucson, AZ

Xp: min distance from sun (Perihelion)

Xa: max distance from sun (Aphelion)

a: Semi-major axis =150 million km

Xp = a(1-e) = 150,000,000(1-.0167)~147.5 Million Km

Xa = a(1+e) = 150,000,000(1+.0167)~152.5 Million Km

Since e~0, it's nearly a circular orbit.

Fun Fact: Winter in the Northern Hemisphere occurs at Perihelion (Closest to sun)

This is because distance is not as important as Solar Constant (Earth axis tilt)

- Conics 48
- Conic Sections 45
- Calculus 1938
- Hyperbola 28
- Foci 6
- Center 12
- Calculus 1 393
- Equation 345
- Calculus 2 296
- Area 255

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