24 Answered Questions for the topic Geophysics

07/24/19

#### Is there any case that changed from earthquake safe zone to danger zone?

Is there any case that changed from earthquake safe zone to danger zone? As plates move, I think that earthquakes belt will change over time. But is there really a case in which the earthquake-safe... more

07/22/19

#### Do our continents lay on the mantle because solid silicon dioxide is less dense than its liquid form?

I don't know whether quartz behaves like ice or not, but could it be because silicon dioxide, which the continents are made of for a big part, is less dense - so the continents lay on top like ice... more

07/11/19

#### What factors explain mountain glacier retreat variability?

It is well known that the majority of the world's mountain glaciers are retreating, but looking at a few LANDSAT images from the 1980s and today I am able to see glaciers that have retreated... more

07/04/19

#### Why do we measure eustatic sea-level from the center of earth?

Earth is rotating so it has a ellipsoidal shape. The measurement will therefore be different from equator and pole. So why do we measure eustatic sea-level from the center of earth?

07/03/19

#### What gravitational evidence do we have to counter the idea that oceans are formed when continents sink?

Is there some evidence for this based on gravity anomalies? I think I know how to tell if a mountain or structure is compensated based on bougeur and free air anomalies, but this really has me... more

07/03/19

#### What is the difference between a geologist and a geophysicist?

What are the main differences between geologists and geophysicists?

#### What would change if our earth lacks mountains?

I just asked myself what is the role of the mountains on our planet earth? Well there's a well known role for the climate and weather. But is there a kind of physical or geological role? What... more

#### What is the current status of geophysical global cooling theory?

Plate tectonics effectively rubbished the theory of geophysical global cooling as a means of explaining many surface features on the Earth. However, [this... more

06/25/19

#### What are the challenges in predicting lithology directly from acoustic impedance?

Seismic inversion methods help to visualize the subsurface layers of the earth in terms of petrophysical properties (e.g. impedance). Still some geophysicists use the final inverted impedance model... more

06/17/19

#### Why are minerals found in "large" quantities and not scattered throughout the earth as individual atoms?

Heavier elements are created in stars. After stars die they scatter these heavier elements throughout the universe. These elements eventually gather to form planets. But why do we find "chunks"... more
Geophysics Geology

06/15/19

#### How is the mass of the Earth determined?

According to textbook knowledge, the mass of the Earth is about 242kg. How is this number determined when one cannot just weight the Earth using regular scales?

05/28/19

#### What do the derivative or the integral of amplitude of a seismogram mean?

I'm doing a project in which I'm analyzing earthquake seismogram waves. I used a program to graph the exact amplitudes and how they changed over the course of a single earthquake. For the project I... more

05/21/19

#### What would change if our earth lacks mountains?

I just asked myself what is the role of the mountains on our planet earth? Well there's a well known role for the climate and weather.But is there a kind of physical or geological role? What would... more

05/18/19

#### How do seismologists locate the epicenter and focus of an earthquake?

I know the focus of an earthquake is where the earthquake originated from, but what I could never figure out is, how to scientists find out where exactly the focus (and epicenter) are located?

05/10/19

#### Is an underground mine collapse or a tunnel collapse called a sinkhole?

Imagine there's an underground man made structure e.g. a tunnel or an underground train station that collapses creating a depression in the surface. Would that technically be called a sinkhole?... more

05/09/19

#### Are there water molecules in the oceans which will almost never fall down as rain?

Some oceans are very deep. But is there also current (convection) deep in the ocean so that all water molecules will ones be evaporated and fall down as rain or is it very quite at the bottom so... more

05/06/19

#### Can rocks have pressure signatures?

Since rocks can have magnetic signatures, as is the case with paleomagnetism, can they store past pressures also? For example, when researchers are trying to determine past ocean levels, they... more

04/20/19

#### Why are minerals found in "large" quantities and not scattered throughout the earth as individual atoms?

Heavier elements are created in stars. After stars die they scatter these heavier elements throughout the universe. These elements eventually gather to form planets. But why do we find "chunks" of... more

04/12/19

#### Does gravity differ from place to place on Earth?

Does a particular object have the same weight on every part of Earth or does it vary?

04/11/19

#### What do the derivative or the integral of amplitude of a seismogram mean?

I'm doing a project in which I'm analyzing earthquake seismogram waves. I used a program to graph the exact amplitudes and how they changed over the course of a single earthquake. For the project I... more

03/27/19

#### Why is continental crust less dense than oceanic?

Why is it that continental crust is less dense than oceanic, where in fact continental crust is thicker than oceanic crust?

03/19/19

#### Magma resultant from group 1 and group 2 elements?

I was recently speaking with a geology professor over lunch at a university who has a theory that I've never heard before. His postulation was quite compelling and I was hoping to do a little... more

03/18/19

#### How do seismologists locate the epicenter and focus of an earthquake?

I know the focus of an earthquake is where the earthquake originated from, but what I could never figure out is, how to scientists find out where exactly the focus (and epicenter) are located?

03/14/19

#### How is the mass of the Earth determined?

According to textbook knowledge, the mass of the Earth is about $6 × 10^{24}\\,\\mathrm{kg}$. How is this number determined when one cannot just weight the Earth using regular scales?

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