two fair dice are rolled the sum of the dice is 5
This table contains all the possible sums of 2 die:
| 1 2 3 4 5 6
1 | 2 3 4 5 6 7
2 | 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 | 4 5 6 7 8 9
4 | 5 6 7 8 9 10
5 | 6 7 8 9 10 11
6 | 7 8 9 10 11 12
What's the probability the sum will be 5?: 4/36 = 1/9.
What's the probability the sum will be >4 and <8: 15/36 = 5/12.
Etc.
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