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Ryan S. | Mathematics and StatisticsMathematics and Statistics

This is a binomial distribution problem. I highly recommend researching this distribution online or in your textbook. Here is the pmf. P(N=n) = p(n) = k C n q^n*(1-q)^(k-n) where k is the total number of "trials," n is the number of "successes," and q is the probability of success in a single trial. k C n is the number of combinations of n objects chosen from k objects. In this problem the trials are the cars at the toll booth, k = 5, q=0.68.

a) n= 0 p(0) = (5 C 0)*0.68^0*0.32^5=0.0034

b) n= 5 p(5) = (5 C 5)*0.68^5*0.32^0=0.1454

c) n= 3 p(3) = (5 C 3)*0.68^3*0.32^2=0.3220

d) n= 2, 3, 4, or 5 We can get this from n is not 0 or 1 or 1-p(0)-p(1). We already have p(0)=0.0034

p(1)= (5 C 1)*0.68^1*0.32^4=0.0357

so the answer is 1-.0034-.0357=.9609

You will need the binomial distribution B(5,0.68;k) with probabilities P=C(5,k)*0.68

a) k=0, P=C(5,0)*0.68

If you have a statistics calculator like the TI-84, use the function binomialpdf(5,0.68,0).

b) k=5, use binomialpdf(5,0.68,5), get P=C(5,5)*0.680^{5}*0.32^{0}=0.145

c) k=3, use binomialpdf(5,0.68,3), get P=0.322

d) k≥2, P(k≥2)=1-P(k<2)=1-0.039=0.961

On the TI-84, use 1-binomialcdf(5,0.68,1). (This is the cumulative distribution, it adds up

all values 0..k.)

all values 0..k.)

a) (1-.68)^5 = .32^5

b) .68^5

c) 5C2 (.68)^2 (.32)^3, binomial probability

d) 1 - ∑{i=0,1)5Ci (.68)^(5-i) (.32)^i, using complement set

Given P(a) = 68%

P(/a) = 1 - P(a) = 1-0.68 = 32%

P(b) = 1 x P(a) = 68%

P(c) = P(a) x (1-P(/c)) = 40.8%

P(d) = P(a) x (1-P(/d)) = 27.2%

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