The main concern was that the Articles of Confederation granted too much power to the state governments.
When the Articles of Confederation were penned by Joh Dickinson, the signing of the Declaration of Independence had made it necessary for states to establish a centralized authority.
Two key issues:
- Representation - Originally there was the idea of proportional representation vs. a set number of representatives. This would have given certain states more voting power due to having more representatives than other smaller states.
- A weak centralized government was an issue for the fledgling country, with no uniform currency, the inability to regulate trade, levy taxes, and impose tariffs. This meant that many individual states had their own currencies which valued differently than others. (e.i. a dollar in Virginia was treated as 50 cents in Maryland).