If x is the price per pound of Brand A coffee, then the probable reason to multiply it by 2 is to find the total price of 2 pounds of Brand A coffee.
If Brand A coffee costs 50 cents per pound, 2 pounds costs 50(2) = 100 cents, right? If Brand B costs 60 cents, then .5 pounds costs .5(60) = 30 cents, for a total of $1.30 for the mix.
Instead, Brand A costs x cents or dollars or pounds or Euros or something per pound, so our price is 2x. Brand B costs y cents or whatever per pound so the total is 0.5y. The total cost for 2 pounds of Brand A and 1/2-pound of Brand B is your given expression.
The answer is C.