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what are idioms ?

what does idioms mean i learned it a lot but still it does not go throw my head.
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idiom

[id-ee-uh m] /'?d i ?m/
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noun
1. an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements, as kick the bucket or hang one's head, or from the general grammatical rules of a language, as the table round for the round table, and that is not a constituent of a larger expression of like characteristics.
2. a language, dialect, or style of speaking peculiar to a people.
3. a construction or expression of one language whose parts correspond to elements in another language but whose total structure or meaning is not matched in the same way in the second language.
4. the peculiar character or genius of a language.
5. a distinct style or character, in music, art, etc.:the idiom of Bach.
Origin of idiom Expand
 
Latin
 
Greek
1565-1575
1565-75; < Latin idioma < Greek idíoma peculiarity, specific property equivalent to idio- (variant stem of idioûsthai to make one's own, appropriate, verbal derivative of idiós; see idio- ) + -ma noun suffix of resultExpand
Synonyms Expand
1. See phrase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for idiom Expand
Focus students' attention to a pre-chosen article with plenty of sports metaphors and idioms.
There are tons of idioms in different languages that reflect this folk wisdom.
Sadly, idioms don't always accord with logical argumentation.

If you're looking for ardor and surprise idioms from a board, look no longer.
Pop needs popularizers, the musicians who pull lesser-known idioms into the mainstream.
It has idioms and expressions that must simply be learned and is developing some irregularities as well.
Juxtaposition of widely divergent musical styles and idioms is nothing new.
The music he wrote in retirement conforms to idioms he declared outmoded in his heyday.
Read through these ads carefully with students, making sure they understand any vocabulary, idioms or expressions.
To set aside, from time to time, its natural idioms.

Expand
British Dictionary definitions for idiom Expand
idiom
/'?d??m/
noun
1. a group of words whose meaning cannot be predicted from the meanings of the constituent words, as for example ( It was raining) cats and dogs
2. linguistic usage that is grammatical and natural to native speakers of a language
3. the characteristic vocabulary or usage of a specific human group or subject
4. the characteristic artistic style of an individual, school, period, etc
Derived Forms
idiomatic (??d??'mæt?k), idiomatical, adjective
idiomatically, adverb
idiomaticalness, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin idioma peculiarity of language, from Greek; see idio-
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for idiom Expand
idiom
n. 1580s, "form of speech peculiar to a people or place," from Middle French idiome (16c.) and directly from Late Latin idioma "a peculiarity in language," from Greek idioma "peculiarity, peculiar phraseology," from idioumai "to appropriate to oneself," from idios "personal, private," properly "particular to oneself," from PIE *swed-yo-, suffixed form of root *s(w)e-, pronoun of the third person and reflexive (referring back to the subject of a sentence), also used in forms denoting the speaker's social group, "(we our-)selves" (cf. Sanskrit svah, Avestan hva-, Old Persian huva "one's own," khva-data "lord," literally "created from oneself;" Greek hos "he, she, it;" Latin suescere "to accustom, get accustomed," sodalis "companion;" Old Church Slavonic svoji "his, her, its," svojaku "relative, kinsman;" Gothic swes "one's own;" Old Norse sik "oneself;" German Sein ; Old Irish fein "self, himself"). Meaning "phrase or expression peculiar to a language" is from 1620s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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idiom in Culture Expand
 

idiom definition

A traditional way of saying something. Often an idiom, such as “under the weather,” does not seem to make sense if taken literally. Someone unfamiliar with English idioms would probably not understand that to be “under the weather” is to be sick. ( See examples under “Idioms.”)
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Difficulty index for idiom
 
Many English speakers likely know this word
Word Value for idiom
9
10
Scrabble Words With Friends
Quotes with idiom
Scatter these well-meant idioms Into the smoky spring that fills The suburbs, where they will be...Hart Crane
The idioms for revenge are "report a crime" and "report to five families." The reporting is the...Maxine Hong Kingston
(...) it were instinctively to long words and exhausted idioms, like a cuttlefish squirting out ink.George Orwell
More Quotes
Related Words
idiomatic
jammy
slang dictionary

Nearby words for idioms
idhi
idhs
idic
ididas
idio-
idioagglutinin
idioblast
idiochromatic
idiocrasy
idiocy
idiodynamic
idiodynamics
idioglossia
idiogram
idiograph
idiographic
idioheteroagglutinin
idioheterolysin
idioisoagglutinin
idioisolysin
idiolect
idiolysin
idiom
idiomatic
idiomorphic
idioms
idiomuscular contraction
idiopathic
idiopathic aldosteronism
idiopathic epilepsy
idiopathic hypercalcemia of infants
idiopathic hypertrophic osteoarthropathy
idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
idiopathic megacolon
idiopathic neuralgia
idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis
idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis
idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
idiopathy
idiophone
idioplasm
idiosyncrasy
idiosyncratic
idiot
idiot board
idiot box
idiot card
idiot light
idiot savant
idiot strings
idiot tape

 
 
 
                                       Hope this helps !
An idiom is a saying that doesn't actually make sense, but that people say to describe various situations.
 
One example is when someone is in a conversation with another person and then they say something they didn't want to say to the other person, so they stop talking. Naturally, the other person might respond: "cat got your tongue?", which doesn't make sense because there is no cat and there is nothing wrong with the dude's tongue, but we know what it means. The phrase "cat got your tongue?" is an idiom, mainly because to someone who doesn't know its meaning, it seems idiotic.