(yo) I am (Nosotros) We are
(tú) You are (Vosotros) You-all are
(el/ella/usted) He/She/It is (ellos/ellas/ustedes) They are
SER- To Be
(1) How is something?
(2) Describing physical characteristics (i.e. short, tall, skinny, strong, weak, etc.)
(3) Describing personality (i.e. shy, smart, cheap, generous, kind, friendly, etc.)
(4) Describing a profession (i.e. I am/ he/she/it is, we are/they are, "doctors, teachers, dentists, etc.)
(yo) soy (Nosotros) somos
(tú) eres (Vosotros) sois
(el/ella/usted) es (ellos/ellas/ustedes) son
* The vosotros form is commonly used in Spain, and is does not exist in Latin America*
(1) Soy profesora de inglés.
I am an English teacher/professor.
(2) Juan es estudiante de comunicaciónes en la universidad de Texas.
John is a Communications student at Texas University.
(3) Eres muy intelegente.
You are very smart/intelligent.
(4)María y Marisol son amigas...
TOEFL iBT: Test Of English as a Foreign Language
Develops skills and strategies for English language learners at a university level.
Scores: Valid for 2 years
Basic Formats: TOEFL test & TOEFL iBT test
1) Speaking: 6 questions- speak on an issue/ prompt read or heard
(2) Listening: 2 conversations that included two or more speakers with a classroom dialogue
(3) Reading: 3-5 reading passages with comprehension questions
(4) Writing: 2 writing topics involving reading and listening
Sample: 20 minutes
There are four sections in the parenthesis below. Select the one which is wrong.
Timothy Allen finally died, (after a) lengthy illness, in November 1973, but this project will help his name (live on), and perhaps provoke a re-evaluation (about his) influence on popular music (in the) 20th century.
Correct answer: "about his." the correct wording is "re-evaluation of his influence."
When to use the imperfect (past tense):
Actions that were repeated habitually
1. Almorzábamos juntos (todos los días).
We would eat lunch together (everyday).
2. Las señoras (siempre) charlaban por las mañanas.
The ladies would (always) chat in the room in the mornings.
Actions that "set the stage" for another action.
1. (Yo) leía "cuando" entró mi mamá.
I was reading "when" my mom entered.
Telling time and stating one's age.
1. Eran las siete de la noche.
It was 7 o'clock at night.
2. La niña tenía cinco años.
The little girl was 5 years old.
*General Rule: The imperfect tense is used for past actions that are seen as incomplete.*