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Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability that has a neurological aspect. Although it is a language-based disability, most dyslexics do not have problems with oral language, their difficulty lies in the phonological or sound aspect of language that makes the translation in to print difficult. Dyslexics do not hear the sounds in words. For example, they have difficulty performing such tasks as “say the individual sounds in the word bat (b-a-t). They have difficulty with the task of analysis such as say “top without the ‘tuh.’” They also have difficulty synthesizing such as “what word do these sounds make – s-k-i-p.” These phonemic awareness skills underlie learning to decode words and are required if one is to become a good reader and speller. Short term memory can also be affected, which contributes to comprehension and spelling problems. This understanding of the phonological model of dyslexia is consistent with the current neurobiological research findings. Research has... read more

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