Ronald Reagan delivers his "Evil Empire" speech

Speaker: Ronald Reagan
Delivered On: 3/8/1983
Place: Orlando, FL
Subject: National Association of Evangelicals Address
Audio/Video Available:

Description: President Reagan gave this speech on March 8, 1983, to the National Association of Evangelicals in Orlando, Florida. It became known as the “Evil Empire” speech because Reagan described communism as “the focus of evil in the modern world.”

The National Association of Evangelical's community, from coast to coast, in our great land, deeply appreciates and values his love for the truth of the Bible, and his commitment to it's great moral values. Ladies and Gentlemen, the President of the United States, Ronald Reagan.

Ronald Reagan: Thank you. Thank you very much. Thank you very much, and Reverend Clergy Ahl, Senator Hawkins, distinguished members of the Florida Congressional Delegation and all of you. I can't tell you how you have warmed my heart with your welcome. I am delighted to be here today. Those of you in the National Association of Evangelicals are known for your spiritual and humanitarian work. And I would be especially remiss if I didn't discharge right now one personal debt of gratitude. Thank you for your prayers. Nancy and I have felt their presence many times in many ways. Believe me, for us they have made all the difference.

The other day in the East Room of the White House, at a meeting there, someone asked me whether I was aware of all the people out there that are praying for the President. And I had to say that, yes I am. I felt it and believe intersessionary prayer. But, I couldn't help but say to that questioner after he asked the question that, or at least say to him, that sometimes when he was praying he got a busy signal, it was just me, in there ahead of him. I think I understand how Abraham Lincoln felt when he said “I have been driven many times to my knees by the overwhelming conviction that I have no where else to go.” From the joy and the good feeling of this conference I go to a political reception.

Now, I don't know why, but that bit of scheduling reminds me of a story, which I will share with you. An Evangelical minister and a politician arrived at heaven's gate one day together. St. Peter, after doing all the necessary formalities, took them in hand to show them where their quarters would be. He took them into a small single room with a bed, a chair and a table, and said this is for the clergyman and the politician was a little worried about what might be in store for him. He couldn't believe it then when St. Peter stopped in front of a beautiful mansion with lovely grounds, many servants and told him that these would be his quarters. He couldn't help but ask, but wait, how is it that I get this mansion, while that good and holy man only gets a single room. St. Peter said, "You have to understand how things are up here. We have got thousands and thousands of clergy. You're the first politician who ever made it."

But I don't want to contribute to a stereotype, so I tell you that there are a great many, God fearing, dedicated, noble men and women in public life. Present company included. And, yes, we need your help to keep us ever mindful of the ideas and the principles that brought us into the public arena in the first place. The basis of those ideals and principles is a commitment to freedom, personal liberty and itself is grounded in the much deeper realization that freedom prospers only where the blessings of God are avidly sought and humbly accepted.

The American experiment in democracy rests on this insight. It's discovery was the great triumph of our founding fathers, voiced by William Penn, when he said, "If we will not be governed by God, we must be governed by tyrants." Exclaiming the inalienable rights of men, Jefferson said, "The God who gave us life, gave us liberty at the same time." It was George Washington who said "Of all the dispositions, and havoc that lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports." And finally, that shrewdest of all observers of American democracy, Alexis de Tocqueville put it eloquently, after he had gone on a search for the secret of America's greatness and genius and he said "Not until I went into the churches of America, and heard her pulpits a flame with righteousness, did I understand the greatness and genius of America. America is good and if America ever ceases to be good, America will cease to be great."

I am pleased to be here today with you who are keeping America great by keeping her good. Only through your work and prayers and those of millions of others, can we hope to survive this perilous century and keep alive this experiment in liberty, this last best hope of man. I want you to know that this administration is motivated by a political philosophy. It sees the greatness of America in you, her people and in your families, churches, neighborhoods, communities, the institutions that foster and nourish values, like concern for others and respect for the rule of law, under God.

Now, I don't have to tell you that this puts us in opposition to, or at least out of step with, a prevailing attitude of many, who have turned to a modern day secularism. Discarding the tried and time tested values upon which our very civilization is based. No matter how well intentioned, their value system is radically different from that of most Americans. While they proclaim that they are freeing us from superstitions of the past, they have taken upon themselves the job of superintending us by government rule and regulation. Sometimes, their voices are louder than ours, but they are not yet a majority. An example of that vocal superiority is evident in the controversy now going on in Washington. Since I have been involved, I have been waiting to hear from the parents of young American. How far are they willing to go in giving to government their prerogatives as parents.

Let me state the case as simply and briefly as I can. An organization of citizens, sincerely motivated, deeply concerned about the increase in illegitimate births and abortions involving girls well below the age of consent. Sometime ago, established nationwide, a network of clinics to offer help to these girls and hopefully alleviate this situation. Now again let me say, that I do not fault their intent. However in their well intentioned effort, these clinics, have decided to provide advise and birth control drugs and devices to under age girls without the knowledge of their parents. For some years now, the federal government has helped with funds to subsidizing these clinics. In providing for this, the Congress decreed that every effort would be made to maximize parental participation. Nevertheless, the drugs and devices are prescribed without getting parental consent or giving notification after they have done so. Girls termed sexually active, and that has replaced the word promiscuous, are given this help in order to prevent illegitimate births or abortions. Well, we have ordered clinics receiving federal funds to notify the parents that such help has been given.

One of the nations leading newspapers has created the term 'squeal rule' in editorializing against us for doing this and we are being criticized for violating the privacy of young people. A judge has recently granted an injunction against an enforcement of our rule. I've watched TV panel shows discuss this issue, seen columnists pontificating on our error. But no one seems to mention morality as playing a part in the subject of sex. Is all of Judeo-Christian tradition wrong? Are we to believe that something so sacred can be looked upon as a purely physical thing with no potential for emotional and psychological harm? And, isn't it the parents' right to give council and advise to keep their children from making mistakes that may affect their entire lives? Many of us in government, would like to know what parents think about this intrusion in their family by government. We are going to fight in the courts, the rights of parents and the rights of family take precedence over those Washington based bureaucrats and social engineers.

The fight against parental notification, is really only one example of many attempts to water down traditional values and even aggravate the original terms of American democracy. Freedom prospers when religion is vibrant and the rule of law under God is acknowledged. When our founding fathers passed the First Amendment, they sought to protect churches from government interference. They never intended to construct a wall of hostility between government and the concept of religious belief itself.

The evidence of this permeates on our history and on our government. The Declaration of Independence mentions the Supreme Being, no less than, 4 times. In God We Trust is engraved on our coins. The Supreme Court opens it's proceedings with a religious invocation, and the members of Congress open their sessions with a prayer. I just happen to believe that school children of the United States are entitled to the same privileges as the Supreme Court justices.

Last year, I sent the Congress a constitutional amendment to restore prayer to public schools. Already this session there was growing bi-partisan support for the amendment and I am calling on the Congress to act speedily to pass it, to let our children pray. Perhaps some of you, [interruption in video 00:13:47] ...being held during the students own time. The First Amendment never intended to require government to discriminate against religious speech.

Senators Denton and Hatfield have proposed legislation in the Congress on the whole question of prohibiting discrimination against religious forms of student speech. Such legislation could go far to restore freedom of religious speech for public school students. I hope that Congress considers these bills quickly and with your help, I think it's possible, we could also get the constitutional amendment through the Congress this year. More than a decade ago, a Supreme Court decision, literally wiped off the books of 50 states, statutes protecting the rights of unborn children. Abortion on demand now takes the lives of up to 1 & 1/2 million unborn children a year. Human life legislation ending this tragedy will someday pass the Congress and you and I must never rest until it does. Unless, and until it can be proven, that the unborn child is NOT a living entity, then it's right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness must be protected.

You may remember that when abortion on demand began, many, and indeed I'm sure many of you, warned that the practice would lead to a decline in respect for human life. That the philosophical premises as used to justify abortion on demand would ultimately be used to justify other attacks on human life; infanticide or mercy killing. Tragically enough, those warning proved all too true. Only last year, a court permitted the death by starvation of a handicapped infant. I have directed the Health and Human Services Department to make clear to every health care facility in the United States that the Rehabilitation Act or 1973, protects ALL handicapped persons against discrimination based on handicaps, including infants.

We have taken the further step of requiring that each and every recipient of federal funds, who provides health care services to infants, must post and keep posted in a conspicuous place, a notice stating that discriminatory failure to feed and care for handicapped infants in this facility is prohibited by federal law. It also lists a 24 hour toll-free number so that nurses and others may report violations in time to save the infants life.

In addition, recent legislation introduced in the Congress by Representative Henry Hyde of Illinois not only increases restrictions on publicly financed abortions, it also addresses this whole problem of infanticide. I urge the Congress to begin hearings and to adopt legislation, that will protect the right of life to all children, including the disabled or handicapped. Now, I'm sure that you must get discouraged at times, but, you have do better than you know perhaps. There is a great spiritual awakening in America.

A renewal of the traditional values that have been the bedrock of America's goodness and greatness. One recent survey by a Washington based research council, concluded that Americans were far more religious than the people of other nations. 95% of those surveyed expressed a belief in God and a huge majority believed the 10 Commandments had real meaning in their lives. Another study has found that an overwhelming majority of Americans disapprove of adultery, teenage sex, pornography, abortion and hard drugs. This same study showed a deep reverence for the importance of family ties and religious belief.

I think the items we discussed here today, must be a key part of the nation's political agenda. For the first time, the Congress has openly and seriously debating and dealing with the prayer and abortion issues. That is enormous progress right there! I repeat, America is in the midst of a spiritual awakening and a moral renewal. With your biblical keynote, I say today, yes, let justice roll on like a river, righteousness like a never failing stream.

Obviously, much of this new political and social consensus I've talked about, is based on a positive view of American history. One that takes pride in our country's accomplishments and record. But, we must never forget, that, no government schemes are going to perfect man. We know that living in this world means dealing with what philosophers would call the Phenomenology of evil or as theologians would put it, the doctrine of sin. There is sin and evil in the world and we are enjoined by scripture and the Lord Jesus to oppose it with all our might. Our nation, too, has a legacy of evil with which it must deal. The glory of this land has been it's capacity for transcending the moral evils of our past. For example, the long struggle of minority citizens for equal rights. Once a source of disunity and civil war is now a point of pride for all Americans. We must never go back. There is no room for racism, antisemitism or other forms of ethnic and racial hatred in this country.

I know that you have been horrified, as have I, by the resurgence of some hate groups preaching bigotry and prejudice. Use the mighty voice of your pulpits and the powerful standing of your churches to denounce and isolate these hate groups in our midst. The commandment given us is clear and simple. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. But whatever sad episodes exist is our past, any objective observer must hold a positive view of American history. A history that has been the story of hopes fulfilled and dreams made into reality. Especially in this century, America has kept a light, the torch of freedom. But not just for ourselves, but for millions of others around the world.

This brings me to my final point today. During my first press conference as President, in answer to a direct question, I pointed out that as good Marxists Leninist, the Soviet leaders have openly and publicly declared that the only morality that they recognize is that which will further their cause, which is world revolution. I think I should point out that I was only quoting Lennon, their guiding spirit who said in 1920, that they repudiate all morality that proceeds from supernatural ideas, that's their name for religion, where outside class conceptions. Morality is in entirely subordinate to the interest of class war and everything is moral that is necessary for the annihilation of the old exploiting social order and for uniting the proletariat. I think the refusal of many influential people to accept this elementary fact of Soviet doctrine, illustrates a historical reluctance to see totalitarian powers for what they are. We saw this phenomenon in the 1930s. We see it too often today. This doesn't mean that we should isolate ourselves and refuse to seek an understanding with them. I intend to do everything I can to persuade them of our peaceful intent, to remind them that it was the west, that refused to use it's nuclear monopoly in the 40s and 50s for territorial gain, and which now proposes a 50% cut in strategic ballistic missiles and the elimination of an entire class of land based intermediate-range nuclear missiles.

At the same time, however, they must be made to understand, we will never compromise our principles and standards. We will never give away our freedom. We will never abandon our belief in God. We will never stop searching for a genuine peace. But we can assure, none of these things America stands for, through the so-called nuclear freeze solutions proposed by some. The truth is that a freeze now would be a very dangerous fraud, for that is merely the illusion of peace. The reality is that we must find peace through strength.

I would agree to a freeze if only we could freeze the Soviet's global desires. A freeze at current levels of weapons would remove any incentive for the Soviets to negotiate seriously in Geneva and virtually end our chances to achieve the major arm reductions which we have proposed. Instead, they would achieve their objectives through the freeze. A freeze would reward the Soviet Union for it's enormous and unparallelled military build-up. It would prevent the essential and long-overdue modernization of United States and allied defenses and would leave our aging forces increasingly vulnerable. And, an honest freeze, would require extensive prior negotiations on the systems and numbers to be limited and on the measures to ensure effective verification and compliance, and the kind of a freeze that has been suggested would be virtually impossible to verify. Such a major effort would divert us completely from our current negotiations on achieving substantial reductions.

A number of years ago, I heard a young father, a very prominent young man in the entertainment world addressing a tremendous gathering in California. It was during the time of the Cold War and communism and our own way of life were very much on people's minds and he was speaking to that subject. And, suddenly though I heard him saying, "I love my little girls more than anything." And I said to myself, oh no, don't, you can't don't say that. But I had underestimated him. He went on, "I would rather see my little girls die now, still believing in God, than have them grow up under communism and one day die no longer believing in God. There were thousands of young people in that audience. They came to their feet with shouts of joy. They had instantly recognized the profound truth in what he had said with regard to the physical and the soul and what was truly important. Let us pray for the salvation of all those that live in that totalitarian darkness. Pray they will discover the joy of knowing God. But until they do, let us be aware that while they preach the supremacy of the state, declare it's omnipotence over individual man and predict it's eventual dominance of all peoples on the earth. They are the focus of evil in the modern world.

It was C.S. Lewis, who in his unforgettable 'screw tape letters' wrote, "The greatest evil is not done now, in those sorted dens of crime that Dickens loved to paint. It is not even done in concentration camps and labor camps, in those we see it's final result, but it is conceived and ordered, moved, seconded, carried, minuted in clear carpeted, warmed and well-lighted offices, by quiet men with white collars and cut finger nails and smooth shaven cheeks who do need to raise their voice. For because these quiet men do not raise their voices, because they sometimes speak in soothing tones of brotherhood and peace. Because like other dictators before them, they are always making their final territorial demand. Some would have us accept them at their word, and accommodate ourselves to their aggressive impulses. But if history teaches anything, it teaches that simple minded appeasement, or wishful thinking about our adversaries is folly. It means the betrayal of our past, the squandering of our freedom. So I urge you to speak out against those who would place the United States in a position of military and moral inferiority. I have always believed that 'old screw-tape' reserved his best efforts for those of you in the church. So, in your discussions of the nuclear freeze proposals, I urge you to beware the temptations of pride, the temptation of blithely, declaring yourselves above it all, and label both sides equally at fault. To ignore the facts of history and the aggressive impulses of an evil empire, to simply call the arms race a giant misunderstanding and thereby remove yourself from the struggle between right and wrong, and good and evil.

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