President Richard M. Nixon Watergate tapes. $350,000 for defendants; White House
Staff knowledge of payments

Speaker: Richard M. Nixon
Delivered On: 4/17/1973
Place: Oval Office. The White House
Audio/Video Available:

Description: PARTICIPANTS: President Nixon, H.R.Haldeman, Ronald L. Ziegler Subjects discussed
include: $350,000 for defendants; White House Staff knowledge of payments; Dean’s
testimony on conversations with the President; blackmail by defendants.
12:35 TO 2:20 P.M.

APRIL 17, 1973, FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 P.M. 14

HALDEMAN: Yes, but even Ehrlichman, which he already admits he doesn’t have a case
on Petersen thought he had significance.
PRESIDENT: Well, we got in deep. He says that, he says that, legally, yes he does.
In, in, in the case of Haldeman, it’ll I discuss the Strachan things have been determined
from a lot to do with with, uh, with, uh, what Strachan says and what Kalmbach says,
you know, uh, it’s a 350 thing and th, that sort of thing.
HALDEMAN: Kalmbach has no relation to me on that.
PRESIDENT: Have you thought when you say before it gets to the tangential thing
out of the way. Have you given any thought to what the line ought to be – I, I don’t
mean a lie, but a line, on raising the money for these defendants? Because both
of you were aware that was going on, you see the, the raising of money, you were
aware of it, right?
PRESIDENT: And you were aware- You see, you can’t go in and say I didn’t know what
in hell he wanted the 350 for. You could say, uh –
HALDEMAN: No – I’ve given a great dead of thought. I’ve got what I’ve written down.
PRESIDENT: Well, I wonder. I’m not, I’m not, I’m not look I’m, I’m concerned about
the legal thing, Bob, and so forth. Uh, what – You, you say that our purpose was
to keep them from talking to the press.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, that was my purpose, I, uh, uh And before I get too far out on
that, uh, I wand to talk to an attorney and find out what the law is – which I have
not yet done.

APRIL 17, 1973, FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 P.M. 15

HALDEMAN: That’s just what I want to do too. Uh, this is…
PRESIDENT: That’s right.
HALDEMAN: …only a draft.
PRESIDENT: That’s right. Well, good. The only point is I, I think it’s not only
that but, you, you see that involves all of our people.

HALDEMAN: That’s what, that’s what I feel – it involves Kalmbach-
PRESIDENT: And as to what the hell Kalmbach was told.
EHRLICHMAN: Mr. President, uh, when: when the…
PRESIDENT: I (unintelligible).
EHRLICHMAN: …truth and fact of this is known, that building next door is full
of people who knew that money was being raised for these people.

EHRLICHMAN: Just full of them.
PRESIDENT: Many who knew, but there were not so many actors. In other words, there’s
a difference between actors and novices.
EHRLICHMAN: Okay. Well, apparently not, because I’m not an actor, uh…
HALDEMAN: Neither am I. The question there is the testimony, I suppose.

APRIL 17, 1973, FROM 12:35 to 2:20 P.M. 61 (repl. 10/28/74)

THE PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible).
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible)…ask Dean the question what his conversation with the
President – but he can use it with the press. That’s all I care about.
PRESIDENT: That’s what we have to do (unintelligible).
HALDEMAN: Yeah, but, but, boy, he’s just gotta be totally without honor (unintelligible).
PRESIDENT: The background involving what, maybe…
HALDEMAN: You have to sink awful low before you get to that.
PRESIDENT: Talked to the President about, uh $127,000 we had to get or we were getting
so much. I don’t know how that, why it was at that point that we were still working
on money for Hunt, what, what was it we were, I don’t know how the hell (unintelligible).
HALDEMAN: That was the, that was the one that, that Bittman got to Dean on…
PRESIDENT: Yeah, Dean told…
HALDEMAN: …directly. And that he really panicked on it. He was very concerned…
PRESIDENT: He came in and told me.
HALDEMAN: …professed to be concerned because Bittman’s threat was that Hunt said
that “If you don’t get it to me, I’m going to tell them all about, all about the
seamy things I did for Ehrlichman and when Dean…”
PRESIDENT: That_s right

APRIL 17, 1973, FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 P.M. 62

HALDEMAN: And when Dean hit Ehrlichman on that, Ehrlichman’s immediate reaction
was let him go ahead, I have, there’s nothing he can hang me on.
PRESIDENT That’s right.
HALDEMAN: Dean didn’t want that answer, and went, went on worrying about the money.
PRESIDENT: Told me about it.
HALDEMAN: Told you about it, told me about it and the whole point, I was in here
when he told you.
PRESIDENT: Well, ah, good. What, what did we say? Remember he said, “How much is
it going to cost to keep these three guys?” He said, _A million dollars.” I just
shook my head.
HALDEMAN: Then we got into the question, if there’s, if there’s blackmail here,
then we’re into a thing that’s…
PRESIDENT: All right.
HALDEMAN: …just ridiculous and he said, he raised the point. Now my feeling on
that point remember that, that, Jesus, you can’t say it’s a million dollars. It
may be 10 million dollars.
PRESIDENT: That’s right.
HALDEMAN: Once we get into that.
PRESIDENT: That’s right, that’s right.
HALDEMAN: And that we…
PRESIDENT: Ought to…

APRIL 17, 1973, FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 P.M. 63

HALDEMAN: That we ought not to be in this and then we left it, you know, we can’t
do anything about it anyway. We don’t have any money, and ah, it isn’t a question
to be directed here. This is something, relates to Mitchell’s problem. Ehrlichman
has no problem with the thing with Hunt. And Ehrlichman said, _Christ, if you’re
going to get into blackmail, the hell with it.”
PRESIDENT: Good. The word blackmail, thank God you were in there when it happened,
but you remember the conversation.
HALDEMAN: Yes, sir.
PRESIDENT: I didn’t tell him to go get the money, did I?
PRESIDENT: No, you didn’t, you didn’t either, did you?
HALDEMAN: Absolutely not. I said, “You’ve got to talk to Mitchell, this is something
you got to work out with Mitchell, not here, there’s nothing we can do about it
PRESIDENT: I think we’ve got a pretty good record on that one, John, at least.
HALDEMAN: Ah, but there’s a couple of complications he can throw in there (unintelligible)
which would be of concern, but I just can’t conceive that a guy, he may, I can see
him using it as a threat. I cannot see him sinking low enough to use that. I, I
just, although I must admit the guy has really turned into an unbelieveable disaster
for us.
HALDEMAN: But I can’t, people don’t, he’s not un-American and anti-Nixon. I’ll tell
you what he did, I’ll tell you during that period.

APRIL 17,1973 FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 PM 64

HALDEMAN: he busted his ass trying to work this out, and it wore him to a frazzle
, and I think it probably wore him past the point of rationality. I think he may
now be in, a mental state that’s causing him to do things that’ that ah, when he
sobers up, he’s going to be very disturbed about with himself.
PRESIDENT: Also, he’s probably got a very, very clever new lawyer named Shaffer.
I think that’s part of the problem.
HALDEMAN: Could very well be.
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible)
HALDEMAN: Could very well be. But John, I can’t believe is a basically dishonorable
guy. I think there’s no question John is a strong self-promoter, self-motivated
guy for his own good, bud ah.
PRESIDENT: Yet in that conversation. I, we were I was very, I said, “Well for Christ’s
sake – but ah.”
HALDEMAM: You explored in that conversation the possibility of whether such kinds
of money could be raised. You said, “Well, Christ, we ought to be able to raise
PRESIDENT: That’s right.
HALDEMAN: How much money is involved and he said, “Well, it could be a million dollars
over the next year.”
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible)
HALDEMAN: I said, That’s ridiculous. You can’t say a million maybe you say a million,
it may be 2 or 10, and, ah.”

APRIL 17, 1973, FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 P.M. 65

PRESIDENT: But then we got into the blackmail.
HALDEMAN: You said, _0nce you start down the path with blackmail, and ah, it’s constant
escalation, and…
PRESIDENT: Yeah, yeah. That’s my only…
HALDEMAN: (Unintelligible).
PRESIDENT: …conversation with regard to that.
HALDEMAN: They could jump and then say to us, “Well that was morally wrong.” What
you should have said is “Blackmail is wrong, not that it’s too costly.”
PRESIDENT: Oh, well, at that point that we got into (unintelligible) we went into
the investigation.
HALDEMAN: (Unintelligible) that’s right.
PRESIDENT: You see my point? We were then in the business of the, this was, this
was one of Dean’s, when he was, ah, was it after that we sent him to Camp David?
EHRLICHMAN: You sent him to Camp David on about the, ah, 20…
PRESIDENT: I would like to know with regard to that conversation, Bob, I just wanted
to know.
EHRLICHMAN: It took place about the 23rd, that is his trip to Camp David, about
the 23rd of March.
HALDEMAN: When, when was that Hunt threat?
EHRLICHMAN: I haven’t any idea. I have no idea.
PRESIDENT: Get that worked out, please.
HALDEMAN: I don’t know, better check on it.
PRESIDENT: Well, it, oh hell.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, you’ll know the date of your meeting here.
HALDEMAN: Well, uh, uh, you can’t…

APRIL 17, 1973, FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 P.M. 66

PRESIDENT: Well, (unintelligible) to say, I suppose then we should have cut it off,
shut it off, because later on you met in your office and, I mean, and Mitchell said,
“That was taken care of.”
EHRLICHMAN: The next day.
HALDEMAN: That’s right.
UNIDENTIFIED: The same day.
HALDEMAN: Maybe I can find the date by that.
PRESIDENT: Yeah and Dean, Dean was there and said, _What about this money for Hunt?”
Wasn’t Dean there?
HALDEMAN: No, what happened was, Ehrlichman and Dean and Mitchell and I were in
the office, my office, and we were discussing other matters. And in the process
of it, Mitchell said, _Let me raise one point,” and he turned to Dean. He said,
_Let me raise another point, ah, have you taken care of the, the, is the other problem,
Hunt’s problem?” Something like that. I don’t know how he referred to it. But we
all knew instantly what he was, what he meant and Dean kind of looked a little flustered
and said, _Well, well, ah, no, I mean I don’t know where that is,_ or something;
and Mitchell said, _Well I guess it’s taken care of.” And so we assumed from that,
that Mitchell had taken care of it, and there was no further squeak out of it, so
I now do assume Mitchell took care of it so…
PRESIDENT: Yeah, the problem I have there is I said, (unintelligible).
HALDEMAN: Mitchell that LaRue, as I understand it, LaRue was Mitchell’s agent, but
PRESIDENT: Yeah, as I understand it, what I meant is, I’m just trying to seek out
whether, I’m just seeing what are Dean’s lines of attack are.

APRIL 17, 1973, FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 P.M. 67

HALDEMAN: And you’re saying, “Did I know about that?” I did. Yeah, there’s no question.
PRESIDENT: Say, “Yes, there was talk about it and so forth, and Mitchell took care
of it, but, ah, gee, but, ah, on the other hand, you make the case as to (unintelligible)…_
HALDEMAN: You can’t testify to that, it’s Presidential…
PRESIDENT: In this office, but not in the other office, not in your office.
HALDEMAN: o.k. but in the other office the question of, of…
PRESIDENT: That’s right.
HALDEMAN: …and, and the specifics never arose. And there again Dean is the agent
on it. Dean’s coming in, saying, “What should I do? Dean’s the agent on all this.
That’s where my money goes. All the input to me about the 350 came from Dead and
all the output came from Dean. That’s the only time I…”
PRESIDENT: Then Dean was the one that said, “Look Bob, we need 350 for or need the
rest of the money.”
HALDEMAN: No, they didn’t even come that way. Dean said, “They need money for the
HALDEMAN: For their fees.
HALDEMAN: And that’s the, was always put that way, that’s the way it was always

APRIL 17, 1973 FROM 12:35 TO 2:20 PM 68

PRESIDENT: Right. That’s why I want that line. I think that’s the most important
thing you can work on. Get a lawyer. (Unintelligible)
HALDEMAN: And I said.
PRESIDENT: lawyer.
HALDEMAN: And I said to Dean at that time, “Well look you’ve got a situation here.
We’ve got the 300, I thought it was 350, it was 328, in cash that we needed to get
turned back to the committee.”
HALDEMAN: Apparently they had a need for money so we have a coincidence (unintelligible)-
now you ought to be able to work out some way to get them to take the cash, and
that will take care of our needs, and apparently help meet their needs.
PRESIDENT: Right, right.
HALDEMAN: Then he went back to Mitchell, and Mitchell wouldn’t do it, and then they
agreed to take 40 thousand of it, which they did, and shortly thereafter they agreed
to take the rest, which they did.
PRESIDENT: Do you think did you check with (unintelligible) before the election
and shortly afterwards?
HALDEMAN: It was not before the election, no.
PRESIDENT: On that was what Dean’s story was about and Dean said it was before.
HALDEMAN: Strachan.
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible)
HALDEMAN: Strachan says it was in late November, the 30th, or 29th or some nonsense
like that.
EHRLICHMAN: Incidentally, remember you told me that, ah Strachan had gone over there
with Colson’s partner and that the Judge wouldn’t take him.

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