President Richard M. Nixon Watergate tapes. Topics include: a request for Dean’s
resignation letter

Speaker: Richard M. Nixon
Delivered On: 4/16/1973
Place: Oval Office. The White House
Audio/Video Available:

Description: PARTICIPANTS: President Nixon, H.R.Haldeman, John D. Ehrlichman Topics include:
a request for Dean’s resignation letter; other bugging operations; national security
justifications; plumbers operation covered by Executive Privilege; NSC leaks; Liddy’s
knowledge; questioning Dean; PR efforts and staying ahead of the press; Liddy’s
testimony; possibility of Ehrlichman completing Dean’s report; Kleindeinst’s request
for a special prosecutor; content of Dean’s resignation letter and his plea; possible
immunity deal; money for Hunt; the possibility that Dean has information implicating
Ehrlichman; stonewalling the investigation; motivation for cover-up the election.
APRIL 16, 1973, FROM 9:50 TO 9:59 A.M.

PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible) John, I want him to, uh, to uh, before I see Dean. I
tell ya what I really want, I want him to sign.
EHRLICHMAN: Did you get those?
PRESIDENT: Yes, I did.
PRESIDENT: I’m going to have him sign. I’m going to ask him which one he wants to
sign and say about that news clip that, uh, it seems to me that I should not, uh,
I mean I, I, don’t want to press anything and uh, I’m not, or, or, should I just
have him sign it, whether it’s effective today or uh, not announce it. What’s your
advice on that? We’ve got plenty of time. Don’t worry about that.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, my — as I made them out it occurred to me he ought to sign both
of them. Then, you could use whichever one you wanted or not depending on how circumstances
PRESIDENT: OK, that’s right, that’s right. Good
EHRLICHMAN: And if he won’t. You know, you know what to do at that pant.
HALDEMAN: And if he — you go, you go to Petersen and ask you not to…

VOICES: Unintelligible)
PRESIDENT: I still have my option, I still have my option to do that. The second
Points John that I want to nail down, uh, what Dean said about other bugs the White
House and so forth and so on. Aren’t, isn’t — I assume that’s the Plumbing operation.
EHRLICHMAN: No, no, no. What he’s referring to there…
PRESIDENT: about the FBI —
EHRLICHMAN: is, is the FBI bugs on the journalists in the first year.
PRESIDENT: This was not from you. He thought these were private bugs.
EHRLICHMAN: Oh no. No, no. These, these . .
PRESIDENT: No, he said they were . .
EHRLICHMAN: Yeah, well, I…
PRESIDENT: …private bugs.
EHRLICHMAN: These were…
PRESIDENT: That he knew about.
EHRLICHMAN: These were almost all FBI bugs, but not entirely though.
PRESIDENT: What, what is he, what is he referring to if it — what I’m just saying…
EHRLICHMAN: They’re all national security.
PRESIDENT: ELI, that’s what I mean.
PRESIDENT: I was wondering if — what’s your advice, if I should not tell him today
that anything in that area is national security and privileged.
EHRLICHMAN: I think you should, and I think it should cover not only that, but the
Plumbing operation, and uh, anything else of which he has knowledge.
EHRLICHMAN: Say I am impressing that with executive Privilege right now.
PRESIDENT: Executive privilege.
EHRLICHMAN: And I don’t want to ever hear .
EHRLICHMAN: …that you have discussed those matters…
EHRLICHMAN: …with any third person.
PRESIDENT: I don’t know whether he did. He might have.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, you might ask him if he has…
EHRLICHMAN: …afterwards, uh, or before. But…
PRESIDENT: But I –see, that didn’t occur to me last night it occurred to me (unintelligible)
in which case I’m going to get him in.
EHRLICHMAN: Now, if you remember that whole operation was because you were afraid
there were leaks out of the NSC.
PRESIDENT: That’s right, that’s right.
EHRLICHMAN: And you were trying to find them.
PRESIDENT: I thought we were –, I thought they were through the FBI.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, almost all of them —
PRESIDENT: We were going to do some of them.
EHRLICHMAN: Almost all of them were but there was one in Georgetown at somebody’s
house that actually never was put on. It wasn’t feasible, but it was explored and,
and how Dean knows about that, I don’t know. The FBI files…
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible) Does Liddy know?
EHRLICHMAN: I can’t, I can’t say. I doubt it. I think that was before his time.
PRESIDENT: The reason that I made the call while in Dean’s presence last night was
that he said that Liddy’s — Liddy would say how he knows this, that Liddy had told
the Bureau or something like that. I said, “Dean, what should I do?” “Well,” he
said, “you ought to get ahold of his attorney.” I said “Yeah, (unintelligible) his
attorney” (unintelligible) and he said, he said, “Liddy says he will not talk because
of higher authority.” I said, “Now look here, higher authorities, it’s not the President,
it’s Mitchell.” And I said, “Well”–so I called Petersen, I said, “You are to tell
Liddy’s attorney that — or Liddy, that there’s, the President’s not asking” —
Don’t you think that’s the correct thing to do?
HALDEMAN: That’s —
EHRLICHMAN: It can’t hurt anything at this point and it cer-tainly is consistent
with the things you had to do with Mitchell and Magruder.
PRESIDENT: Such as like what? The —
EHRLICHMAN: Remove any impediment against their testifying by reason of any misplaced
loyalty to you.
PRESIDENT: One thing I was, uh, Bob will run over with you (unintelligible), the
uh, uh, subject is very important to just tick it off briefly, before one, that
if you and he can sit down today and put both your cases down at their worst as
how you think it’s going to come out, you know, so that I can look at them and as
I say, I’m not gonna, I’m not gonna make any God damn hasty decisions until I see
what the hell, how this bounces around, because — Petersen is obviously reacting
to the Magruder thing.
BULL: [At door] John Dean is here, Mr. President.
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible) about five or ten minutes. (Unintelligible) building
construction (unintelligible) Christ! Uh, it’s obviously disturbed so that –and
they’re out to demonstrate over there doing this job. The second point is that uh,
I would like also a scenario evolved with regard to, uh, the President’s role, in
other words, when the President began to find out about this, what he did, I think
it’s a pretty good role John, I’m, I’m not sure of it. It’s as good as I can guess
because remember I got Dean in, first I said I wanted him to report, sent him to
Camp David. He came back and said he couldn’t and I want to ask him about that today,
and then you, and I’d like you to give Steve your report and everything you did
— see what I mean. Also, then, third, there is the PR thing, as to, when we, when
we disclosed that and how.
EHRLICHMAN: Ziegler has just left my office. He feels we have no more than twelve
EHRLICHMAN: Uh, he, he’s got some, uh, input from the Post and uh, it’s his estimate
that unless we take the initiative by nine o’clock tonight,
PRESIDENT: Uh hum. ~
EHRLICHMAN: uh, it will be too late. Now, for that reason, I would suggest that
Ziegler sit in a meeting with Petersen and that you and Ziegler persuade Petersen
that the announcement has to come from the White House.
PRESIDENT: I’ll tell him.
EHRLICHMAN: Uh, otherwise the Justice Department will, of course, try and
EHRLICHMAN pre-empt this while thing.
EHRLICHMAN: But I think it would be a good idea for you to spend, uh,…
PRESIDENT: I don’t — I think, I think I’ve got to get Petersen in alone first.
EHRLICHMAN: Sure, sure, I understand.
HALDEMAN: (Unintelligible)
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible) then I’ll pull Ziegler in
PRESIDENT: That’s a very good point.
EHRLICHMAN: Now, you may want to listen to Ron for some time ahead of time. He’s
got this well thought through and, and well laid out, and I think he’s quite dispassionate
about it, quite, quite, uh…
HALDEMAN: Well, we’11 go over that with him.
EHRLICHMAN: Yeah, we’ll do that now while you’re gone.
HALDEMAN: There’s one point in — before you talk to Dean that, that I, occurred
to me last night that doesn’t fit together. Maybe it doesn’t matter, and that is
you said, last night, as I understood it, that Petersen had told you that Liddy
has not talked.
HALDEMAN: And that they can’t get Liddy to talk.
HALDEMAN: Dean told us that Liddy had told them everything.
EHRLICHMAN: Told the U.S. Attorney everything.
HALDEMAN: There’s something screwy…
EHRLICHMAN: Informally.
HALDEMAN: There’s something screwy.
PRESIDENT: I know that, I know that, but I…
HALDEMAN: Petersen’s either lying to you or Dean Is lying to us

PRESIDENT: I may be, maybe a little bold but, what I think is probably closer to
the truth is that Dean started this business a few weeks ago with his attorneys…
PRESIDENT: …and decided to save his ass and his attorney’s, went in and probably
the U.S. Attorney gave him a snow job and said that you’re — that Liddy has talked.
EHRLICHMAN: Either that or Dean used that story as a cover-up
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible)
EHRLICHMAN: …in case anything started to seep out.
PRESIDENT: Did a cover-up.
HALDEMAN: Yeah. Then it would of come from Liddy rather than…
EHRLICHMAN: Yeah, yeah.
HALDEMAN: …from him.
PRESIDENT: How’s Ron think it ought to be done? I should do it.
EHRLICHMAN: Uh, Ron thinks that it ought to be done from here, uh, that uh… well,
he hasn’t said whether you should do it. Uh, I mentioned it to him the other day
that you thought you should do it here in the Press room, if you did it at all.
PRESIDENT: I could do it right here in the Oval Office.
EHRLICHMAN: Yes, uh, but he, he wants to get out the fact that uh, Dean disserved
you, that the Dean report was inadequate, it didn’t go far enough, that, uh, several
weeks ago, uh, you reinstituted uh, uh, an examination of the…
PRESIDENT: I began my personal investigation of the case.
EHRLICHMAN: Yeah, and that this culminated in a whole series of actions
EHRLICHMAN: over the weekend.
PRESIDENT: Personal investigation of the case in that I spent the weekend working
on it. I think that’s what we’ve got to say. The Dean rep, report, did not, did
not, uh…
HALDEMAN: That this is the week of Mitchell being here Saturday is very important
to the circumstances.
PRESIDENT: Thaws right. But uh, the President asked Ehrlichman to conduct his own
EHRLICHMAN: Well, now, if I’m going to be, if I’m going to be splashed on this thing,
you’re better off not having another discredited Dean.
PRESIDENT: Yeah, well, somebody’s got to do it.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, you can downplay who did it.
HALDEMAN: You can say you did it yourself by talking to all the people…
HALDEMAN: …concerned.
HALDEMAN: You talked to me and Ehrlichman and everybody else…
VOICES: (Unintelligible)
PRESIDENT: I, I made my own investigation of the matter.
EHRLICHMAN: I think that’s that’s the way.
PRESIDENT: My own investigation of the matter. But I didn’t talk to Mitchell, see.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, they say who did and you delegated me to do that. I mean that’s,
that’s — but, uh, …
PRESIDENT: (Unintelligible) Ehrlichman (unintelligible)– look you’re splash though
is only on this one God damn thing.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, I think there’s a, there’s a judgment call here, …
EHRLICHMAN: …as to whether you want the quote Ehrlichman report unquote…
EHRLICHMAN: …out in the, in the media.
HALDEMAN: (unintelligible) because they’ll make a big thing about the Dean report…
HALDEMAN: …found out that Dean was guilty and the Ehrlichman report found out
that Ehrlichman…
PRESIDENT: Right. No, no. Now query, uh, would you mind telling Moore to see Gray
or is that out of the question. I mean he, you can talk to him can’t you. The only
point is time is of the essence right now. I, you know, I, I, I, I’ve got odds and
ends here today that I have to…
EHRLICHMAN: I, I understand
PRESIDENT: No, I’ll do it.
EHRLICHMAN: No, no, I’ll take care of it.
PRESIDENT: Alright, what you can say is — give him the two by four, say now, look
here, here’s the situation. Have you talked to Fielding yet to find out what the
situation is?
EHRLICHMAN: No. No. No, as a matter of fact, I’ve got a problem Were. I’m going
to have Moore talk to Fielding also, …
EHRLICHMAN: and find out what was in there, because I don’t want to know.
PRESIDENT: Right, that’s right (unintelligible) that’s great.
EHRLICHMAN: And then Moore can advise you.
PRESIDENT: OK, and, uh, — then, I don’t know what statement — I’d like to have
Ron, maybe between now and the time — I, I, I, I, I’ve put off my, the meeting
with the guy at 1:30, John.
PRESIDENT: Uh, Petersen, I mean, I had to because I couldn’t get time to go through…
PRESIDENT: …what he wants. (unintelligible) but that’s just well enough because
it gives me a chance when I get back to take my breath and take a look at that.
PRESIDENT: And be ready for it. But uh, but I’m, uh, I’m not going to let him, uh,
him put this out that the Justice Department dragged this out of the White House.
You God damned rights. In fact I’ll, uh, — now I can have him do it.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, I’ll tell you what you might do is have him standing by you…
EHRLICHMAN: …just standing there, you do it, and then you say Petersen here is…
EHRLICHMAN: …working with me on this.
PRESIDENT: Yeah. Yesterday, yesterday, I, I, uh, I, uh, I, I, talked to Mr. Kleindienst.
Uh, he, uh, removed himself, uh, from my, uh, some investigation of people that
are involved (unintelligible) some case. I directed it, uh, to Petersen. I made
a decision on Petersen myself but he wanted a special prosecutor.
PRESIDENT: I, I, said alright, we’ll go with Petersen, say that’s right Petersen
will be with me and Mr. Petersen is in charge of this and so forth and so on. I
want Petersen to be able to say what I (unintelligible) that I made the record with
him like nobody’s business last night.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, he’s got every incentive, so.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, now in, in seeing Dean now, …
PRESIDENT: Yeah, but the question is…
EHRLICHMAN: …I think uh, uh, the point is that in, in, uh, taking these letters
from him, uh, it would be the agreement that neither he nor you would announce it
EHRLICHMAN: So the announcement would be an your discretion, …
EHRLICHMAN: …and the decision would be in your discretion as to which way you
EHRLICHMAN: But that in view — and you might ask him whether he intends to plead
guilty or not.
EHRLICHMAN: Or not guilty, Because that will weigh…
EHRLICHMAN: …in your, in your ultimate decision.
PRESIDENT: That’s right, that’s right.
HALDEMAN: Then we’ve got a cop out.
EHRLICHMAN: Well, then that will come out.
PRESIDENT: That’s right, I’m going to find out (unintelligible) well, let me say
that if, if he, if he, uh, he gets a cop out he’s gonna, he’s gonna be dead. Which
really (unintelligible). You can’t have him around here with the kind of stuff he’s
going to cop out about.
EHRLICHMAN: Ask him what you should say publicly about the Dean report.
PRESIDENT: Yeah. He said, he told me, he says there was no Dean report. I, uh, don’t
understand it. I think it was an oral report. I said, didn’t I ask you what it’s
final outcome is? Yes. Didn’t you say nobody’s involved? Yes. I said was anybody
involved? No.
PRESIDENT: Well, I went right down the line.
EHRLICHMAN: You thought that, that’s all was said.
PRESIDENT: On the part of Ehrlichman, Colson and Dean, I said did you know; he said
no. So at least his line on that is that he didn’t know about it before, prior knowledge.
PRESIDENT: Only one point that, uh, occurs to me that uh, that, uh, he did discuss
with me the, this need, for funds for Hunt. At least I remember the…
PRESIDENT: Did he come in, who did he discuss that with, (unintelligible) that Hunt
needed attorney fees.
HALDEMAN: (Unintelligible)
EHRLICHMAN: Did he do that to you personally?
PRESIDENT: Yeah. He discussed it and asked about it. I said I don’t know whether
you can get it. I, I, I, I didn’t but, but what I meant is that it was so, uh —
EHRLICHMAN: Well, you know what I was telling him at the sa-, at that time,…
EHRLICHMAN: …was that that should not be a consideration this thing.
EHRLICHMAN: And you know…
PRESIDENT: And then they went back and, and so Mitchell took care of it, I mean,
EHRLICHMAN: Yeah, but not on, not on account of any jeopardy to me obviously.
PRESIDENT: Dean — Huh?
EHRLICHMAN: Not on account of any jeopardy to me. I mean he did that for his own
PRESIDENT: Yeah. Mitchell.
EHRLICHMAN: Yeah. Because I was saying look fellows if, if that’s the only thing
he’s doing, is blackmailing me, why forget it, you know.
PRESIDENT: Wait, wait, Hunt sent a message to you. I didn’t know about that.
EHRLICHMAN: No, he didn’t send it to me. He sent it to, to Dean about me.
PRESIDENT: I didn’t know that.
PRESIDENT: What did he say I’m gonna talk about Ehrlichman? (unintelligible)
PRESIDENT: He’s referring of course to the things that were done before.
HALDEMAN: He said, I, I’m gonna pull the plug on all the dirty stuff.
HALDEMAN: He also said something about that.
EHRLICHMAN: Now, also, you know, in thinking about this…
PRESIDENT: You told him, you told (unintelligible). Alright go ahead.
EHRLICHMAN: …uh, in thinking about this…
PRESIDENT: But who, but, but…
HALDEMAN: John stonewall, stonewalled that completely. (Unintelligible) Dean, he
doesn’t have anything, there is nothing.
EHRLICHMAN: Uh, do you remember when we were planning the Hawaiian trip. The very
active discussion we had about Clark McGregor going out and making a full disclosure
on Watergate.
EHRLICHMAN: And we had a plan.
PRESIDENT: Right, that I was, I in on it.
EHLRICHMAN: Well, you were — we discussed with you the possibility. The idea was
that you’d be out of town and it wouldn’t get on you.
EHRLICHMAN: And you know who shot that down?
EHRLICHMAN: Dean and McGregor.
HALDEMAN: And McGregor?
EHRLICHMAN: Because they felt that it would be damaging to the campaign.
PRESIDENT: Oh, we all know that’s a phony.
EHRLICHMAN: But, somewhere, I think I did a memo on that and I’m having it looked
for now. But, in any event, uh, we made a kind of a full court press at that time.
Remember, we were at San Clemente and we were going to have McGregor come out there.
EHRLICHMAN: And we had a lot of conversations on the phone and I blasted him and
badgered him and urged him. And he dug his heels in and dug his heels in.
HALDEMAN: At least five times during this period, I would get Dean into my office
or he’d come in you know, with his problems and stuff. And we’d go through the whole
thing. I spoke to you of this a couple of, of those times at least. I said, “John,
why don’t you just put the whole thing out and go with it.” He said, “Oh no, we
can’t do that.” And he can’t — he knows…
PRESIDENT: What is the story behind what happened on that, on that fee for, for
representing, the last thing for, for Hunt. Then, I mean, he mentioned it to me
and I, I…
EHRLICHMAN: I know, I know none of the facts. Uh, Dean transmitted to me the threat…
HALDEMAN: …which he had received personally from Bittman and that, and, …
PRESIDENT: Right, right. Go ahead, go ahead.
EHRLICHMAN: I said to John, “Look, if, if we’re going to live with this…
EHRLICHMAN: …all our lives, the hell with it.”
PRESIDENT: Right, good, good, good, then what?
EHRLICHMAN: So then he went back to Mitchell, apparently, because the next thing
I knew about it, we had a meeting in Bob’s office about something else and…
EHRLICHMAN: Mitchell came in and Mitchell said I’ve taken care of it.
PRESIDENT: Okay. Now let’s see (Unintelligible)
Well, anyway, uh we’ll get there (unintelligible) Henry Petersen (unintelligible)
This scenario (unintelligible) got to be so (unintelligible)
VOICES: (Unintelligible)

HALDEMAN: You bet.
EHRLICHMAN: Ron’s got to have that information.
PRESIDENT: Well, I may have to just say it myself.
PRESIDENT: I conducted this
PRESIDENT: …investigation and so forth.
EHRLICHMAN (Unintelligible) Petersen standing there right by (unintelligible)
PRESIDENT: Right, I can say that the Watergate case has been broken.

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