Cross-Reference Groups: pa-py
From time to time, new units are added to this Cross-reference
group that have been “completed”; that is, with as many definitions
as can be found or with a significant number of examples.
pago-, pag– (Greek: frost or freezing; fixed or hardened; united).
pali-; palim-, palin– (Greek: recurrence, repetitious; back,
backward, again; returning, repeating).
palli-, pallio, pallit– (Latin: mantle, covering; cloak).
pan-, panto-, pant– (Greek: all, every, entire).
papyro-, papyr– (Greek: papyrus [singular], papyri [plural]; paper).
parvo-, parvi– (Latin: [parvus] small, little; minute, minuscule).
pass-, pati– (Latin: suffering, feeling; enduring).
pater-, patro-, patr-, patria, patri– (Latin:
father [family member]; fatherland).
patho-, –path-, –pathia, –pathic, –pathology,
–pathetic, –pathize, –pathy (Greek: feeling, sensation, perception,
suffering, [in medicine, these elements usually mean “one who suffers from
a disease of, or one who treats a disease”]).
pecca-, pecc– (Latin: err, sin, commit a crime).
ped-, pedi-, –pedal, –ped, –pede, –pedia
(Latin: foot, feet).
pedo-, paedo-, ped-, paed-, paido-, paid–
(Greek: child, boy; infant).
pejor– (Latin: worse).
–penia-, –penic, pen-, penia– (Greek > Modern Latin:
abnormal reduction, decrease in, insufficient, deficiency; originally, poverty,
need; sometimes erroneously or incorrectly rendered as -poenia).
perineo– (Greek: space between the scrotum or mons veneris and the anus).
petalo-, petal-, –petalous (Greek: leaf; from the adjective
petalos, “flat, spread out”).
–petalous (Greek: in botany, a suffix combining form meaning, “having
a certain number or a certain shape of petals”).
phago-, phag-, –phag, –phage, –phagic, –phagia,
–phagism, –phagist, –phagous, –phagy (Greek: eat, consume,
phalango-, phalang– (Greek via Latin: bone between two joints of a
finger or toe; line of battle; from phalanx, heavy infantry in close order
[from Greek antiquity]).
phlego-, phleg-(Greek [phlegmatikos] & Latin [phlegmaticus]: heat,
inflammation; burn, inflame).
philo-, phil-, –phile, –philia, –philic, –philous,
–phily, –philiac, –philist, –philism (Greek: love, loving,
friendly to, fondness for, attraction to, strong tendency toward, affinity for).
phlogo-, phlog-, phlox (Greek: fire, flame; inflammation).
–phobia, –phobias, –phobe, –phobiac, –phobist,
–phobic, –phobism, –phobous; phobo-, phob– (Greek:
fear, extreme fear of, morbid fear of, excessive fear of, irrational fear or terror
of something or someone; however, sometimes this Greek element means a strong dislike
or hatred for something).
phono-, phon-, –phone, –phonia, –phonic,
–phonetic, –phonous, –phonically, –phonetically, –phony
(Greek: phone; sound; voice).
phono-, phon– (Greek: phono[s]; slaughter, murder, homicide).
phospho-, phosph-, phosphoro-, phosphor– (Greek: light,
shine; morning star; a nonmetallic chemical element that ignites when exposed to
photo-, phot-, –photic, –phote (Greek: light).
phreno-, phren-, phreni-, phrenico-, phrenic-,
–phrenia, –phrenic, –phrenically (Greek: mind, brain; the midriff
or the diaphragm; the phrenic nerve).
phreto-, phret– (Greek: well, reservoir, a tank).
phront-, phorntid-; phronemo-, phron- (Greek: thought, care, attention; think,
physo-, phys– (Greek: breath, wind; pertaining to air or gas; bellows,
bladder, bubble; swollen; as seen in many modern scientific terms).
pilo-, pil-, pili– (Latin: hair).
pimelo-, pimel-, pimele– (Greek: [soft] fat).
pineal-, pinea– (Latin: pine tree, relating to the pine; shaped like
pino-, pin– (Greek: a combining form confused between three Greek
roots and may mean “hunger”, “dirt”, or “drink”; and
there is one Latin form referring to the “pine tree”).
pio-, pi-, pion– (Greek: fat).
pisci-, pisc– (Latin: fish).
plankto-, plankt-, –plankton (Greek: passively drifting, wandering,
plano-, plan-, –plany, –plania (Greek: passively drifting,
wandering, or roaming).
planta-, plant– (Latin: sole of the foot).
plaud-, plaus-, plod-, plos– (Latin: applause, to clap,
strike, beat, to clap the hands).
pluto-, plut– (Greek: wealth, wealthy, rich).
pneo-, –pnea, –pneic, –pnoea, –pnoeic, –pneo
(Greek: air, wind; breathing).
pnigo-, pnig-, pnigmato-, pnigmat– (Greek: choke, stifle,
po-, poo-, –poa– (Greek: grass, a grassy place; meadow, meadows).
podo-, pod-, –poda, –pod, –pode, –podium,
–podia, –podial, –podous, –pody (Greek: foot, feet).
poly– (Greek: many, much; too many, too much, excessive; a prefix used with
many words). Don’t confuse this poly– with another –poly that
means “to sell”.
–poly, –pole, –polism, –polist, –polistic, –polistically
(Greek: used as a suffix; sale, selling; one who sells; pertaining to selling; barter).
pono-, pon-, –ponic, –ponics (Greek: toil, labor, work
hard, fatigue; exertion; also, suffering, pain).
port-, portat– (Latin: carry, bring, bear).
potamo-, potam– (Greek: river, stream).
potash (Dutch > New Latin: potassium carbonate).
prandial– (Latin: prandium, literally, that which is eaten early).
presbyo-, presby– (Greek: old, relationship to old age; literally,
he that goes first).
priap– (Greek, Priapos > Latin Priapus: god of procreation shown with
a large penis; by extension, penis).
privat-, priv– (Latin: individual; not in public life).
problem– (Greek > Latin: literally, “something thrown forward, to
psepho-, pseph– (Greek > Latin: pebble/pebbles, stone/stones; election;
psychro-, psychr– (Greek: cold).
psylli-, psyll– (Greek > Latin: flea).
puer– (Latin: boy, child).
pygo-, pyg-, –pyga, –pygia (Greek: rump, buttocks, bottom;
rear end; butt; the posterior part of the body).