Written by tutor Ella R.

Adjectives are words that describe a person or a thing in the sentence. Adjectives are beautiful but must refrain from being generic. After all if they are describing someone or something they better stand out. Think of them as the “cousins of the adverb”. They stand tall and proud. Here are some examples:

a trustworthy friend
a stunning woman
a happy puppy

One very important thing to remember is that adjectives are word specific. Let your other words such as nouns/verbs/adverbs do the most work in a sentence. Refrain from using general adjectives such as: “nice,” “friendly,” etc.

Adjectives come in 3 shapes and sizes

The adjective forms (shape and size) are positive, comparative, and superlative.
This man is tall. (positive)
That man is taller. (comparative)
The last man in the row is the tallest. (superlative)

Traditionally, adjectives are defined as words that describe nouns or pronouns. When they describe nouns or pronouns, adjectives typically answer the following questions:

What kind?

Which one?
How many?

Form comparative and superlative adjectives correctly.

To make comparisons, you will often need comparative or superlative adjectives. You use comparative adjectives if you are discussing two people, places, or things. You use superlative adjectives if you have three or more people, places, or things. So for example:

Bill, the smartest kid in class, sits in the front row, has a thicker binder than Greg, who is not doing well.

Superlative adjectives (comparing 3 or more people or things)..remember to add “est” at the end.

My mom baked the crispiest cookies I have ever eaten!

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