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Physical activity — even something as small as fidgeting the hands — increases levels of the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine in the way ADHD medications do. Both chemicals play a key role in sharpening focus and increasing attention.   Attention “deficit” increases with the length, familiarity, and repetitiveness of a task. In other words, you tune out when tasks get boring!  An activity that uses a sense other than that required for the primary task — listening to music while reading a social studies textbook — can enhance performance in children with ADHD. Doing two things at once, she found, focuses the brain on the primary task. These sensory-motor activities are called “distractions.” But we call them fidgets — mindless activities you can do while working on a primary task. We’re not talking about wriggling in your seat. Fidgeting is more intentional. It’s pacing or doodling while on the phone or chewing gum while taking a test.   Fidgeting... read more

What you feed your body has a direct correlation to how your brain functions. Diet and nutrition impact cognition, attention, sleep, and mood. According to the Harvard Health Blog, studies show that people who eat “clean” or “whole” diets high in vegetables, fruits, unprocessed grains, and lean meats, are more likely to experience better emotional health.  The better you want your brain to perform, the more unprocessed foods, proteins, vegetables, and fruits you should eat. Research shows that protein promotes alertness in the brain. Carbohydrates do the opposite. And artificial colors and flavors are even worse.   Pesticides, specifically organophosphates, found on fruits and vegetables may be linked to ADHD. Western diet — processed meats, fast foods, high-fat dairy products, and sugary foods — doubled the risk of having an ADHD diagnosis, compared with a healthier diet.   https://www.additudemag.com/nutrition-harmonizes-adhd-brain/ &...

If you’re trying to learn something new, you might want to hit the gym a few hours after studying. According to new research, exercising 4 hours after learning a task can improve memory.     Neurotransmitters released by exercise lead to a production of proteins that "help stabilise new memory traces", study author Guillén Fernández, director of the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behaviour at Radboud University Medical Center.   The take home message is that exercise should be used as a strategy for long-term memory retention.   Read the story here: https://www.sciencealert.com/exercise-might-boost-your-memory-study-finds  

    It has been my experience as a student teacher supervisor, while observing student teachers, there are instances when a student teacher is in a more supportive role; small group instruction or one to one with a student. There have also been times when I have seen that the Student Teacher's role was rather restricted. Before classroom teachers sign up to be a cooperating teacher for a student teacher program...please research your role. Teachers are so busy so make sure you have some time to enhance your student teacher's learning experience. Take time for weekly conferences, conference with the student teacher supervisor and try to record or observe the teacher candidate while they are giving lessons.  When this relationship works and everyone does their part it works out so well for all involved. Its a wonderful learning experience for everyone!

Everyone should have a passion for music. Some students I've tutored got to a point where they think that there advanced  players. Its good to interpret music if your own but but to think you know everything about music isn't right. You could always learn from everyone which includes professional musicians. Everyone learns differently and at there own pace. I still learn from professional musicians. I want to be better then I was yesterday.  

I've noticed that more and more, I've been communicating with (usually younger) students who don't know how to approach someone older in a polite or respectful way. I'm a professional teacher, and even though many of my students are non-native speakers, whose grammar lapses I can forgive, I sometimes get messages that are actually rude. As if I'm someone (faceless of course when online) whom they can order, or demand something of, they approach me in a way that makes me not want to work with them. I would like to urge all students to consider how you write to a potential or current tutor, and I'd like tutors, no matter your age or level of experience, to consider responding only to students who can write politely, or point out to them their lapses of judgment. All of us, tutors, parents, adult students, youth, should approach this business from a position of respect. This is not a social media with anonymous strangers, nor a forum for hiring or being hired devoid of human respect... read more

I found this in my reading today from Overcoming Dyslexia by Sally Shaywitz, M.D.:   "A child with dyslexia needs a champion, someone who will be his support and his unflinching advocate; his cheerleader when things are not going well; his friend and confidant when others tease and shame him; his advocate who by actions and comments will express optimism for his future. Perhaps most important, the struggling reader needs someone who will not only believe in him but will translate that belief into positive action by understanding the nature of his reading problem and then actively and relentlessly working to ensure that he receives the reading help and other support he needs."   This represents the model all reading tutors should aspire to be for their students.

Student must notify Tutor of cancellation at least six (6) hours in advance. Otherwise, the cancellation fees below will be incurred. If the notification is made less than six (6) hours in advance, but greater than one (1) hour in advance, Tutor reserves the right to charge a fee equal to 50% of the cost of the lesson. If the notification is made less than one (1) hour before the scheduled start, Tutor reserves the right to charge for the cost of the entire lesson. Student must notify Tutor of tardiness at least six (6) hours in advance. Student may not be more than thirty (30) minutes tardy; the lesson will be treated as cancelled otherwise. Tutor reserves the right to charge for any time waiting for Student. If the notification of tardiness is made at least six (6) hours in advance, reasonable efforts will be made in order to have a lesson of the originally scheduled length and no fees will be charged. Tutor reserves the right to charge a lesson as... read more

I reserve the right to charge up to the full amount of a lesson or the amount of an hour-long session, whichever is the lesser, in the event of cancelled lessons less than 4 hours before the scheduled start time of the lesson.   Additionally, I reserve the right to charge this same cancellation fee for no shows. I consider no shows to be sessions where the student does not arrive within 15 minutes of the scheduled start time without notice given 4 hours in advance.

I understand some parents are cagy or wary of online tutoring. After all - schools teach face-to-face, don't they? But, have you noticed how online services are exploding and brick/mortar schools are slowly but steadily disappearing? The internet is no longer the future - it is here - now! Online tutoring brings multiple advantages for everybody. 1. Very, very flexible. The student can be anywhere. At school on lunch break - Overseas - Broken leg in bed - sorry. 2. Nobody needs to drive in crazy traffic and risk an accident. 3. The student has immediate access to my Mac with thousands of topics - explanations and worked solutions.  4. You get copies of the work we did together for review / better understanding. Smart phone or PC! No lost paper notes. 5. Online we share screens and audio in real-time just as if we were sitting at the same table. 6. Can cancel and reschedule at the last minute. In-person carries a 24-hour minimum. 7. Class... read more

Carol Dweck is one of the most famous learning theorists alive today. Though she has been studying mindsets for decades, she is perhaps best known for her (appropriately-titled) book, Mindset Her ideas have directly helped hundreds of thousands of readers learn and teach more effectively, and they have indirectly helped millions more by influencing the way we think about learning and intelligence today. When it comes to intelligence there have always essentially been two schools of thought. One claims intelligence is a relatively fixed quantity that is stable throughout our lifespan, while the other argues it is a malleable quality that can change depending on experience (i.e. a variation of the infamous Nature versus Nurture debate). Adherents to the first school often adopt "entity" theories of intelligence and pursue "performance goals," in which they are concerned with gaining favorable judgments of their competence, whereas adherents to the... read more

Since Banned Books Week happens in mid-September each year, I'd like to talk today about the problem with banning books. Last year, my Bring Your Own Book club's topic for September was to read a banned or challenged book. We had a great discussion during our meeting about common threads in all of the books we read, common reasons why books get challenged, and how that relates to the education system in general. One of the things that kept coming up was that often, the reason the book was challenged is the entire point of the book itself – of course it deals with that; that's the main theme of the book! Whether it's The Perks of Being a Wallflower and Looking For Alaska depicting kids smoking, drinking, and doing drugs, or it's The Giver depicting a fundamentally broken society masquerading as a utopia (psst – that's the definition of the genre – it's a dystopia!), or even a gorgeous picture book called “And Tango Makes Three” telling a true story about a pair of male penguins who... read more

No one likes to mess up, but going to great lengths to avoid errors - even when the consequences of making an error are benign - is unlikely to help you learn. In fact, in her review of the literature, Janet Metcalfe makes a compelling argument that making errors while learning - so long as you receive corrective feedback - results in better outcomes than making no errors at all. Her findings are somewhat counterintuitive. If the goal is to perform flawlessly in high-stakes situations, shouldn't we pursue perfection in order to prepare for them? Early theorists feared that the commission of errors would make it harder to learn the correct response later on. One of the most famous psychologists of the 20th century, Albert Bandura, believed that only correct responses should be rewarded; errors, if they occurred, should be ignored. However, what Metcalfe's review of the literature suggests is that errors should be encouraged as part of an active exploratory learning process,... read more

Let's derive the equation sin2x + cos2x=1 from the pythagorean formula.   A right triangle with angle x will have a leg that is adjacent to angle x and it will have a leg that is opposite to angle x.  There will also be a hypotenuse.   From trigonometry, a right triangle with a given angle x,  can defined as follows: adjacent/hypotenuse=cosx opposite/hypotenuse=sinx   Following is the pythagorean identity for our right triangle: adjacent2 + opposite2=hypotenuse2   If we divide the above equation by hypotenuse2, we have:   (adjacent2 + opposite2=hypotenuse2)/hypotenuse2 or  adjacent2/hypotenuse2 + opposite2/hypotenuse2=1   Substitute in sinx and cosx into the above equation:   cos2x+sin2x=1   Can you derive the other two Pythagorean trigonometric identities?   cot2x + 1=csc2x tan2x  + 1=sec2x   Hint:... read more

The journal Science has recently published a meta-analysis of numerous long-term studies examining the correlation between high GRE scores and the quality of work done by graduate students once they are enrolled in doctoral (and in some cases) master degree programs. The researchers--professors of Education at several universities have included there is no evidence that there is a relationship between a high GRE score and "successful" work in grad school; in this case, successful means contributing meaningful, thoughtful, and original work in response to assignments, whether they be short research projects or doctoral dissertations. Another study, in fact, has found a correlation between receiving high scores on the GRE and doing poorly in certain fields of study. This may seem counter-intuitive, but then, so many things are.  I'm not including a link for time limitation reasons, but the study would be easy to track down and read if you insert the appropriate descriptors... read more

If the lesson needs to be cancelled or rescheduled, please inform me through Wyzant messaging atleast 24 hours before the lesson begins. A no-show is a student who is more than 15 minutes late. For no-show students, a cancellation fee equal to the full amount of the lesson will be assessed. If the student is going to be late to the lesson, please feel free to inform me that way I do not consider the student to be a no-show and therefore continue with the cancellation fee. 

Tiffany's  Cancellation Fees Listed Below are Cancellation policy and fees for Tiffany G. 1. If you are unable to attend a session that was scheduled, please give written notice through Wyzant 24 hours or more before start time of scheduled lesson to avoid a cancellation fee. 2. If you are more than 15 minutes late to an in person or online session, and did not communicate with me regarding your tardiness, OR, if you cancel less than 24 hours less than the session, a charge the full cost of the session will be assesed. 3. If you are late to any session, and it is not considered a no show as per my policy, the session will remain per request. There will be a charge the full amount, despite time deducted from your session (example- the session is for 5PM and you arrive at 5:10PM, the session will still end at 6PM). 4. If you have documented valid reason for not being able to attend a session (due to illness or other factors like an accident),... read more

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