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There are a lot of different opinions about how to set up a Lightroom catalog. Some teachers suggest creating a new catalog for each shoot, some say one new catalog for each year. After 7 years of working with students privately, I have to say - one catalog - is all you need, especially if you keep your Library photos and folders in order. And your Library should be on a dedicated external hard drive. And, if you're using a laptop, then Smart Previews are the way to go, as they allow you to edit and develop your photos without actually having the hard drive with you.    What's a Catalog and what's a Library?    The Lightroom catalog is how Lightroom knows where your photos are on your hard drive. It is also where it keeps all the information on what you've done - flags, rejects, developing, books, etc. Consider the Catalog a big filing system, but it's not a file cabinet. This is a unique aspect of how Lightroom works and can trip up many beginning... read more

    It has been my experience as a student teacher supervisor, while observing student teachers, there are instances when a student teacher is in a more supportive role; small group instruction or one to one with a student. There have also been times when I have seen that the Student Teacher's role was rather restricted. Before classroom teachers sign up to be a cooperating teacher for a student teacher program...please research your role. Teachers are so busy so make sure you have some time to enhance your student teacher's learning experience. Take time for weekly conferences, conference with the student teacher supervisor and try to record or observe the teacher candidate while they are giving lessons.  When this relationship works and everyone does their part it works out so well for all involved. Its a wonderful learning experience for everyone!

Many of my students dread conjugating verbs. They dread it even more when the verbs are irregular and have the same meaning!!  The verbs ser and estar both mean "to be", so what is the difference between the two?? Ser is used to describe things that are permanent or often unchangeable.  For example, Yo soy de Estados Unidos.(I am from the United States).  The form of ser used in the sentence is soy.  You can not change where you are from. Ser is also used to describe characteristics, professions, religions and nationalities.       Estar is used to describe things that are temporary. For example, Yo estoy en Florida para las vacaciones(I am in Florida for vacation). I am vacationing in Florida, but I am not from there.  There is a little rhyme that is printed in the textbook, Realidades, which helps you remember when to use the verb, estar.  The rhyme goes, For how you... read more

Everyone should have a passion for music. Some students I've tutored got to a point where they think that there advanced  players. Its good to interpret music if your own but but to think you know everything about music isn't right. You could always learn from everyone which includes professional musicians. Everyone learns differently and at there own pace. I still learn from professional musicians. I want to be better then I was yesterday.  

I've noticed that more and more, I've been communicating with (usually younger) students who don't know how to approach someone older in a polite or respectful way. I'm a professional teacher, and even though many of my students are non-native speakers, whose grammar lapses I can forgive, I sometimes get messages that are actually rude. As if I'm someone (faceless of course when online) whom they can order, or demand something of, they approach me in a way that makes me not want to work with them. I would like to urge all students to consider how you write to a potential or current tutor, and I'd like tutors, no matter your age or level of experience, to consider responding only to students who can write politely, or point out to them their lapses of judgment. All of us, tutors, parents, adult students, youth, should approach this business from a position of respect. This is not a social media with anonymous strangers, nor a forum for hiring or being hired devoid of human respect... read more

I found this in my reading today from Overcoming Dyslexia by Sally Shaywitz, M.D.:   "A child with dyslexia needs a champion, someone who will be his support and his unflinching advocate; his cheerleader when things are not going well; his friend and confidant when others tease and shame him; his advocate who by actions and comments will express optimism for his future. Perhaps most important, the struggling reader needs someone who will not only believe in him but will translate that belief into positive action by understanding the nature of his reading problem and then actively and relentlessly working to ensure that he receives the reading help and other support he needs."   This represents the model all reading tutors should aspire to be for their students.

Student must notify Tutor of cancellation at least six (6) hours in advance. Otherwise, the cancellation fees below will be incurred. If the notification is made less than six (6) hours in advance, but greater than one (1) hour in advance, Tutor reserves the right to charge a fee equal to 50% of the cost of the lesson. If the notification is made less than one (1) hour before the scheduled start, Tutor reserves the right to charge for the cost of the entire lesson. Student must notify Tutor of tardiness at least six (6) hours in advance. Student may not be more than thirty (30) minutes tardy; the lesson will be treated as cancelled otherwise. Tutor reserves the right to charge for any time waiting for Student. If the notification of tardiness is made at least six (6) hours in advance, reasonable efforts will be made in order to have a lesson of the originally scheduled length and no fees will be charged. Tutor reserves the right to charge a lesson as... read more

I understand some parents are cagy or wary of online tutoring. After all - schools teach face-to-face, don't they? But, have you noticed how online services are exploding and brick/mortar schools are slowly but steadily disappearing? The internet is no longer the future - it is here - now! Online tutoring brings multiple advantages for everybody. 1. Very, very flexible. The student can be anywhere. At school on lunch break - Overseas - Broken leg in bed - sorry. 2. Nobody needs to drive in crazy traffic and risk an accident. 3. The student has immediate access to my Mac with thousands of topics - explanations and worked solutions.  4. You get copies of the work we did together for review / better understanding. Smart phone or PC! No lost paper notes. 5. Online we share screens and audio in real-time just as if we were sitting at the same table. 6. Can cancel and reschedule at the last minute. In-person carries a 24-hour minimum. 7. Class... read more

Steps to Developing Effective Study Skills Step 1: Assessing Your Learning Style Step 2: Knowing Your Interests Step 3: Developing Appropriate Tools to Enhance Studying Step 4: Making the Subject Work for You (even if you hate it or don’t get it) Step 5: Constructing a Learning-Style-Friendly Environment Step 6: Other Considerations in Developing Effective Study Skills When we sit down to study, most of us follow a routine. We get our books together, get comfy (at a desk, on the bed, sitting on the floor, etc.), and set to work. Some of us turn on the TV or some music; others of us make our environment as quiet as it can be. What we do to study varies, but generally we reread our notes, textbooks, or study guides, and call it a day. The day of the test, we struggle to recall what we studied. Afterwards, we admonish ourselves for not studying hard enough or long enough, and doubt our performance. Does this sound familiar? It doesn’t need to be this way. Effective... read more

Through our tendencies of human nature, we don't like to ask for help. We want the recognition, the glory and the credit to be given to only ourselves. Unfortunately, the thought that we can single-handedly do everything on our own is a huge misconception. The world has been built on a foundation of people working together to towards a common goal. The world needs individuals to work together to brainstorm and execute plans for the future.   School and college provide opportunities to work together. Through group projects, presentations, senior design projects, etc. students are asked to work with one another. It is, rather unfortunate, that sometimes we are paired with people who we do not work well with, but that is life. School and college provide students with opportunities to work with people and adapt to others ways--whether we like them or not.   Now, when one must adapt to another's ways (for example a teacher's or professor's) it can sometimes be... read more

The complaints against WyzAnt’s 40% commission demands a response. Suppose a tutor with 15 hours of work time through WyzAnt charges $40 an hour. Of that amount, WyzAnt will automatically deduct $16. This deduction is based on WyzAnt’s commission rate, which is 40% for the first 20 hours of work time. So the tutor is not earning $40 an hour; rather, the tutor is earning $24 an hour. According to a number of individuals, WyzAnt’s 40% commission rate is too high, way above average. Some folks, oddly enough, have even posted complaints on other websites. Why? Here's some food for thought. 1. Twenty-four dollars an hour is higher than any state’s hourly minimum wage. 2. You can create your website for tutors and charge a lower commission. 3. If you tutor for an hour you will be paid $24. 4. If you don’t tutor for an hour you will not be paid $24. 5. Twenty-four dollars is more than zero dollars. 6. You don’t have to stay with WyzAnt, but before you leave... read more

Justine's Suggested Study Plan for the NCLEX-RN Exam Everyone learns and studies differently. Although, one common theme is that you must study nursing content, learn the strategies for answering questions and then apply that information to practicing NCLEX questions. These are my suggestions for studying for the NCLEX-RN exam. 1) Find a place you can study that is not distracting 2) Give yourself 4-8 weeks of dedicated study with 4-8 hours per day and 6 days a week after you have graduated 3) Divide ½ the time to reviewing nursing content and ½ the time practicing NCLEX-type questions 4) Do 50-75 questions a day in a row without looking up content or taking a break. Do this 6 days a week 5) Aim for 75% or greater correct 6) 2-4 days before the actual exam, take a 265 question NCLEX practice test, giving yourself 6 hours with no distractions, no phone and take breaks when needed. Do not look up content or communicate with anyone during the 6 hours... read more

I am a new tutor so a few days ago when l received a response to one of my first applications, l was very excited. This "student" requested that we talk on phone to finalize the arrangements for date and time.   I told him since l was home on spring break, he could call me on my land line but he wrote back requesting my cell telling him that when l am at home reception is very poor on my cell phone.  He kept insisting on getting my cellphone instead, l was puzzled why.  I never heard back from him.   A day later l got an email from Wyzant that they had determined this not to be a true student inquiry.   I have not figured out yet what this fake student was after.   Can anyone tell me?   Just be aware. Christine M.

Scheduling A regular schedule is the most successful structure for tutoring, and I offer discounts for sessions scheduled on a regular basis (see Session Fees).  I also tutor individuals who want single sessions, have irregular schedules, need immediate help, or simply are not sure.   I try to be as flexible as possible and am usually able to stay longer than scheduled if needed. I will not charge for up to 15 minutes extra if it was not previously arranged. I offer online tutoring as well as in-person, so please let me know if you are interested in occasional online sessions to supplement in-person lessons, or if you prefer online lessons only.      Session Fees All of my fees are negotiable! If you have a request please contact me before the session is scheduled.  Individual student rates for standard subjects: $ 35 per hour Individual student rates for multiple hour sessions (3 hours or more): $30... read more

Everyone has their own approach to writing. Some writers are very methodical throughout the entire writing process while others write freely and revise their way to the final draft. For proposals and admissions essays, a structured writing process draws from the strengths of both approaches. It starts with a creative focus and concludes with deliberate writing and revision. First, with the requirements and prompt in mind, the writer lets him or herself write and think freely. Second, the writer reviews his or her own notes and ideas to identify a cohesive focal point. Next, the writer distills the ideas into a concrete thesis and engages peers, friends, family, and instructors to develop and strengthen the arguments. Finally, the writer lays out the elements that support the thesis and backs it with specific examples or anecdotes. Creative Stage. In this stage, the writer thinks and writes freely but not chaotically. It starts with a careful review of the requirements laid... read more

Well, okay, it's not incorrect, but it's flawed and by a mathematician's standards: morally wrong.   I'm sure at one point you boringly learned the order of operations. These are the set of rules that tell you whether you should do multiplication before division or addition before subtraction to get the correct answer on your math problem.  1) Parentheses (brackets) 2) Exponents x^x 3) Multiplication 2*2 4) Division 2/2 5) Addition 2+2 6) Subtraction 2-2 7) Get the right answer :)   Except, you don't always get the right answer.   For example: 8-2+1. Is it 5 because 8-3=5? Or is it 7 because 6+1=7?   Is 6/3/3 equal to 2/3 or 6/1?   The issue here is that focusing on the order of operations can lead to ambiguity and obscures the real beauty of mathematics.   A mathematician will tell you that 8-2+1 is actually 8+(-2)+1, which is unambiguously equal to... read more

Tonight I met with one of my students, who is in 6th grade, and we are working together to tackle proper essay structure.    This can be a tough issue for students, especially the really creative ones. These are the students that are FULL of ideas, and all of them are equally good, so why can't they just put them all into one essay or story? Trust me, it's not easy to kill your darlings, but it must be done (until you get a blog, of course).    In general, all essays, or even stories should be structured in a similar fashion: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Or, a beginning, a middle, and an end.    The introduction will include the visuals, the details to get the reader completely hooked into the story. If this is an analytical essay, the introduction will include the argument, or the point you're trying to prove.    Next comes the body, or the middle of the essay/story. This will typically be the longest... read more

  For those of you who may have purchased Apple's spiffy $79 external CD/DVD burner (or Superdrive as they call it), it may not have worked when you plugged it into your older Mac. A lot of times a person's built-in optical drive fails, and they see the new external at the Apple Store. They naturally grab one assuming it'll work because they'll be using it with a Mac. Hopefully there's a "Genius" selling it to them who's going to ask which Mac they plan on using it with. I'd think probably not. It turns out it's only the fairly newer Macs that support it. When you plug it in, your older Mac might very well inform you that "This Apple External CD/DVD drive is not compatible with this Mac. Please go to Apple Support to read more." What they show you is a compatibility matrix that seems to makes no sense. I haven't compared every spec of every Mac they list, but 2009 seems to be the general cutoff.   Perhaps Apple requires USB 3, and... read more

You've purchased the latest and greatest of new digital cameras and have just come back from spending the day enjoying all those new features and taking great photos using Camera Raw. But when you insert the memory card and go to Import Dialog in Lightroom, all your thumbnails say, "Preview Unavailable For This File."   What's wrong?    Don't worry, it's not you. It's the Adobe Camera Raw Plug-In (ACR). Adobe updates the ACR plug-in on a regular basis, but never quite fast enough to keep up with every camera manufacturer's changes to their version of camera raw. So what happens is, Lightroom cannot yet read or see these new camera raw files.    What to do?   It's tricky, but not rocket science. Until Lightroom gets an updated version out that includes your new camera, you can download the Adobe DNG converter from the Adobe website that (hopefully!) includes your camera. The link is here - http://helpx.adobe... read more

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