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As one of our outstanding tutors was diligently tutoring one of her student’s last week, we will call him Drew; she asked him, “Which letter comes first, the C or the K?” Drew’s response was not what she expected to here….he said, “I can’t tell, they keep moving”. This is a phenomenon is common among people with dyslexia, but Jess had not personally experienced this; no one in her family and none of my students have ever spoken of this being an issue for them. When Jess’ second oldest son, we will call him Angel, was in school they found overlays to be helpful. Jess assumed that would be beneficial for moving letters as well. When she returned to the office, Jess began doing some research and sure enough, overlays are the suggested remedy for words and letter movement. Drew, who is 9, quickly wanted to tell the teacher the exciting news! His tutor had to explain to Drew that first, he needs to find out what color works best for him. Interestingly enough, different... read more

?Perhaps you are wondering, "What are all of these dys'?" Well allow me to enlighten you... they are Neurological differences in the brain that cause people to learn differently than the majority of people learn. Dyslexia is of course the most known of the 4 cousins, but they are all real. 1 in 5 people have dyslexia, 1 in 10 people have dysgraphia. All require people to learn differently than how traditional schools teach students to learn. All of these words are of Greek origin. Dys means badly. Lexia mean to write. Calculia is math and praxia are whole coordination systems. Dyslexia is a language based learning difference. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, that result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with dyslexia often experience difficulties with both oral and written other language skills, such as writing, and pronouncing words and writing. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their... read more

This is the second part of the Computer Programming three part blog post. Here is a synopsis of the background knowledge and the necessary terminology needed before writing a computer program. Those students who are curious about writing computer programs, those who are being home-schooled, or those who are in special education programs will find this post especially useful. I intend to prepare you to speak the language of computer programmers. This will also prepare you for the computer programming that we will engage in my next blog post of this series. If you have already written a computer program you will get a review of the basics as well as get a better understanding of what happens behind the scenes. On a humorous note, we are not talking about the sage on the stage, but the guide on the side.   Introduction to Computer Programming Terminology: 1. A programming language is a formal constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a computer or a... read more

In mathematics, word problems have been known to pose challenges for elementary school students, middle school students and even some high school students. In addition, a vast majority of students also have difficulties with solving problems with fractions. If we mix a word problem with a problem with fractions, then we end up getting an even tougher problem to solve. How can we expect those students who have not yet mastered language to make meaning of word problems? Let's dive right into a math word problem which will illustrate this.    Problem: Tashira has a piece of lace material that is 3/5 yard long. She used 2/3 of the material to make a quilt. How much did she use to make the quilt?   When a student reads this problem one of the questions she/he may ask is, "Where do I start?" The student may have difficulty with translating the word problem into its mathematical representation. The next difficulty is that if the student decides... read more

For many students, last year in school was frustrating and there were needs that perhaps were not appropriately met.  Maybe it was accommodations needed that were not in place or it was study or organizational skills that are lacking and are not being supported in school.  Or, if your child is in high school, perhaps they're struggling with writing -- research papers, essays, or preparing for the writing portion of the college admissions exams.   Summer is the time to evaluate what has happened and where things need to improve for the upcoming school year.  Every school year matters and ensuring that your child is realizing success vs. struggles can make all the difference.  A few tips include: Ensuring that your child has a quiet area for school/homework.  TV, video games, and even texting cannot and should not compete with their ability to focus; Online calendars are great, yet many students do better with an actual calendar/day... read more

Hello Students: I have been teaching Special Education and Regular/General Education for over 18 years - grades K-12th and Adults. I teach multiple subjects.  I also enjoy teaching English Language Learners from various countries. As a teacher, I am able to provide students with a “head start” in mastering basic skills. Students challenge me to be creative, nurturing and most of all, patient. Cordially, Teresa, Special ED & Regular ED - Credentialed Teacher, M.S.

It is “common sense” to believe that we share the same sense of commonality amongst all others within society. However, we should never assume what is common to one’s self is necessarily applicable to the entirety of humanity. Each and every individual is independently designed to learn, grow and facilitate thought at his or her own pace to which cannot be labeled as common, but rather should be seen as unique. As unique individuals we must help one another to learn our own common knowledge in order for him or her to flourish. What is not necessarily “common sense” is the understanding that we, as members of society, are responsible for the facilitation of all other’s level of common sense. A powerful way to prevent others from engaging in those behaviors that may irritate ourselves we must educate rather than discriminate and judge. So maybe next time, rather than judging an individual’s faults as a defect of “common sense,” pursue the opportunity as an educator, friend, or simply... read more

Does your child struggle with reading, basic math, writing, spelling, or other academic areas? is homework an every evening battle? Is your child on an IEP, but could benefit from some additional help? I have over 20 years of teaching students with learning and behavior challenges.  Grades K-5 in all areas that need help. Invest in your child's future now. 

In 2013, I did this talk with teachers & parents, to explain very simply the many myths and misconceptions we have about learning difficulties. Come, watch me take you into the world of the child who struggles:   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dPD77glh2Eg

         After 30 years of tutoring special education children, I have decided that all academic problems are mine, not the students. Thus, I analyzed what has already been provided in detail to determine what does and does not work. For example, children have different learning styles that are not rigid, but flexible. Each of us may be good at a tactile sport but not efficient at a sport requiring gross motor skills. Or a student may read silently better than aloud, yet prefer to read aloud to younger siblings. Another child may draw a concept better than listening to a teacher's lecture. Learning by both visual and auditory processing may be best for others, who do not prefer writing. Tactile learners can use both visual and auditory means for success.          I was talking with a student about his needs who listened attentively, yet was not making progress. I switched to a visual approach, placing my directions on 3 x 5 cards... read more

  I am a PA Dual Certified Teacher in Secondary Education/Social Studies with a Masters in Education. I am also certified in Special Education. I have 5 years teaching experience in regular, honors, and special education classrooms. Currently, I am working as an Educational Support Coordinator at an alternative high school in Philadelphia, PA.   I am extremely passionate about helping students succeed. Please contact me if you need help! "It's NEVER too late to become what you might have been."

I did not commit to a major in education until late this summer. I knew I wanted to help people with disabilities, but it was not until I spent my summer working at the Down Syndrome Association of Greater Charlotte's Camp Holiday that I realized a classroom was where I wanted to be!    I am more interested in Special Education than most other areas, but I love all of it! I am fascinated by my Educational Psychology course this semester--I think I want to pursue research in that area long-term. And I've realized how much I want to help every child, everywhere.    I am working for the Pencil Foundation as a reading tutor at an elementary school in Nashville this year, and I am excited to work on literacy with typically developing 3rd and 4th grade children. This will be a new experience for me, and I can't wait! 

Who is an Educational Therapist? Children who benefit from combining their visual (perception), listening (or auditory perception) and tactile (fine-motor) abilities to practice, retain and recall for future tasks, usually do well with an professional educator. An educational therapist usually has a Master's in Education or Special Education from a well recognized college or university. Their experience includes visual-motor integration, auditory processing, and other perceptual skills. Short-term sequential memory, working memory, use of mnemonic and other strategies are combined with the best-evidenced reading, writing, and math programs, as well as all language-arts remediation and enhancement. A professional educational therapist may be a Board-Certified Educational Therapist by "The Association of Educational Therapists", for example. Many educational therapists have Ph.D.'s, and/or psychotherapy licenses. Thus, self-esteem and other emotionally-related difficulties... read more

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